Hemorrhoids or piles are pathologically changed bloodvessels located around the anus. The problem arises when these structuresbecome inflamed or swell. Depending on the position, hemorrhoids may beinternal and external.
Symptoms usually include itching, rectal pain andbleeding and they subside in several days. Internal hemorrhoids are often presentedas red blood covering the stool and this is known as hematochezia. This type ofhemorrhoids rarely causes any pain, unless they are severely damaged. Thrombosisor necrosis of these hemorrhoids may cause some pain. External hemorrhoids cause significant amount of pain to thepatients suffering from this problem. There is less or no bleeding involved,but the lumps and swelling around the anus is sometimes extremely painful forthe person.
Doctors have identified certain factors which may contributeto the development of hemorrhoids. Irregular bowel habits, including both diarrheaand constipation, lack of fibers in the diet, physical inactivity and sedentaryway of life, as well as genetic predisposition are some of these factors. Absenceof valves within the hemorrhoidal veins, increased rectal vein pressure orincreased intra-abdominal pressure because of the strain may also contribute tohemorrhoids. Pregnancy and age are also found to be important factors. Pregnantwomen frequently experience troubles with hemorrhoids, but most of them resolveon their own, without the need for surgical intervention.
As the treatment, specialists recommend increasing intake offibers through the food and propped hydration of the body. For the pain,doctors usually advise taking some non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).Plenty of rest and sitz baths may also help, but if there is nothing that seemsto give good results, there are some surgical procedures.
As already mentioned, hemorrhoids may bleed,especially if you happen to suffer from internal hemorrhoids. It doesn’t haveto last for a long time but patients have been reporting hemorrhoids bleeding for severalweeks.
The most common cause of this problem is the pressureexerted to the anus. It can happen if you are standing or sitting for a longperiod of time, but it usually happens when the person is going to the toilet. Added pressureon hemorrhoids in that situation causes bursting and bleeding. Since this is something happening every single day, there is no chance for hemorrhoids to heal andso they can they bleed for several weeks.What you need to learn is how to evacuate on the toilet andnot to cause damage to your already problematic hemorrhoids. Once you learn to do so,the healing process will start and hemorrhoids may never return.