Any person suffering from internal hemorrhoids wants to find a best treatment to relieve unpleasant symptoms. In this article we will provide information on several treatment options for internal hemorrhoids.
What are Hemorrhoids?
Hemorrhoids are dilated or bulging veins of the rectum and anus. Hemorrhoids that originate at the top of the anal canal are called internal hemorrhoids, while hemorrhoids formed near the anus are known as external hemorrhoids. Internal hemorrhoids do not cause pain unless they have prolapsed, but anal itching and bleeding while passing stool are common symptoms of internal hemorrhoids. They can occur due to several reasons. Pregnant women often develop hemorrhoids. Constipation is a common cause of hemorrhoids too. Other causes of internal hemorrhoids include: sedentary lifestyle, prolonged sitting, low-fiber diet, anal or rectal infection and anal intercourse. Frequent use of laxatives and obesity can also contribute to development of hemorrhoids. In order to treat the condition one must identify exact cause of hemorrhoids. There is no treatment that can cure hemorrhoids but there are several treatment options that can help to manage the condition and relieve the symptoms. Natural treatments for internal hemorrhoids include increasing the fiber in a diet or use of supplements to help in regulating the bowel movement by softening stool and reducing strain while defecating. There are also various over-the-counter products in the form of ointments, gels, creams, suppositories, foams and pads that help relieve internal hemorrhoid symptoms. Surgical treatment is needed only in case of severe internal hemorrhoids.
Treatment for Internal Hemorrhoids
The following are non-operative and surgical treatments for internal hemorrhoids:
Rubber Band Ligation
In this procedure, small rubber band is placed at the base of the hemorrhoid in order to cut off blood flow through affected area. This causes the hemorrhoid to shrink and fall off within four to seven days after the procedure.
Laser CoagulationLaser coagulation uses a laser device to apply an electric current to the hemorrhoids. This triggers a chemical reaction in the hemorrhoids, which interrupts the blood supply and result in their shrinking.
Injection SclerotherapyThis method involves injection of a chemical solution into the mucus membrane near the hemorrhoid. This chemical solution acts by preventing blood flow to the affected area, which results in shrinking of the hemorrhoid.
Infrared PhotocoagulationThis treatment method involves directing an infrared beam that kills tissue surrounding the hemorrhoid and causes scar tissue to form. This causes hemorrhoid to shrink.
HemorrhoidectomyThis is a surgical removal of hemorrhoids. It can be performed with a scalpel, cautery device or laser. This treatment is used in third or fourth-degree hemorrhoids that do not respond to other treatment options.