About Hemorrhoids in Pregnancy
Hemorrhoids develop as a result of a pathological process during which the blood vessels in rectal area become inflamed and swollen. This problem is estimated to affect almost half of adult worldwide population. Depending on the type of hemorrhoids, this medical condition may cause pain or bleeding as the main symptoms. Rectal bleeding and lack of pain are common for internal hemorrhoids, whereas external hemorrhoids are very painful but don’t cause bleeding. In addition to these symptoms, hemorrhoids may also cause intense itching.
Problems with swollen and varicose veins are very common in pregnant women, thus so are hemorrhoids. The condition may develop in first months of the pregnancy, while some women reported hemorrhoid development during the childbirth. Pregnancy is the risk factor for developing hemorrhoids, with its increased weight, increased level of progesterone, but also with irregular bowel movements or constipation. As in all other patients suffering from hemorrhoids, symptoms in pregnant women include: itching, painful sensations in the anus and rectal bleeding. Some of the women, although diagnosed with hemorrhoids, don’t have any symptoms or discomfort.
Hemorrhoid Treatment in Pregnancy
Hemorrhoids often resolve on their own after the birth of the child, but women should take some precautionary measures to minimize health risks during the pregnancy. There are also some natural remedies, that can be used by people suffering from hemorrhoids, and which are also safe to be used by pregnant women.
Cold compresses are known to be helpful for many hemorrhoid sufferers. Use a clean cloth and put some ice cubes in it. Apply it, dabbing the anal area and it should decrease the pain and swelling caused by hemorrhoids. In some cases it is useful to alternate cold and warm compresses, or to soak the bottom in mildly warm water. You can also use some medical wipes or hemorrhoid pads (with hazelnut extract) designed for patients with this medical problem.
Regulating the bowel movement may also help you with hemorrhoids. Consume food rich in fibers and drink plenty of water every day to reduce the pain and bleeding from the rectum.
Also, if you have hemorrhoids, avoid sitting for extended periods of time. Mild physical activities and proper hygiene of the anal area are also very important for anyone suffering from hemorrhoids.
Pregnant women are not advised to use medications, but if your doctor prescribes drugs to treat hemorrhoids you should. Consult your doctor if all of the above mentioned remedies fail and your symptoms don’t improve. For pregnant women suffering from this problem, doctors usually recommend topical or suppository anesthetic medications. Laser therapy is not advised.