Hemorrhoids (piles) are swollen veins in the anus and the rectum, which become swollen and inflamed under pressure. The most common cause of hemorrhoids is a chronic constipation and a great strain during defecation. Also, hemorrhoids are very often occur in pregnancy due to hormonal changes and pressure of the fetus to the veins. In addition, piles occur as a consequence of aging, genetic factors, prolonged sitting, overweight, colon diseases (ulcerative colitis, Chron\'s disease), general weakness in the veins and anal infections.
Hemorrhoids may be external and internal. External hemorrhoids are manifested as swelling around the anus which are often painful, itchy and bleeding, although these symptoms may also be absent. In the case of internal hemorrhoids, except common symptoms such as itching and bleeding, there is sensation of fullness described as false calls for defecation. In addition, they can be seen outside the anus, causing severe pain during discharge.
Even though hemorrhoids are not dangerous to human life, if there is any rectal bleeding it is very important to seek the opinion of specialists in order to eliminate serious diseases. Hemorrhoids are diagnosed as swollen blood vessels in the area of the anus by rectal examination.
Natural remedies used for hemorrhoids
There are several ways to relieve symptoms caused by hemorrhoids naturally. One option is to increase fiber intake through diet enrichment with cereals and vegetables. Increased fiber intake can also be achieved using psyllium or flax seeds. It is important to note that in these cases recommends consuming large amounts of water or constipation may worsen. This diet helps softening stool and increase its bulk which reduces stress during the discharge and automatically reduces bleeding and symptoms caused by hemorrhoids.
Another way to relieve symptoms with hemorrhoids is use of bioflavonoids - type of plant compound that are considered to influence the stabilization and strengthening the walls of blood vessels and reducing inflammation. They are very useful during pregnancy because they have very few side effects. It is proven that the product made with citrus bioflavonoids (Daflon), after the fourth day of use leads to significant reduction in symptoms such as pain, bleeding and itching.
Hemorrhoids can be treated with witch hazel compress or cream. This medicine is for anal use of individual in the form of distilled liquids, ointments or medicated pads. Its main function is to reduce bleeding acting as astringent, and to relieve pain, itching and tumescence.
Plant called Butcher\'s broom (knee holly, sweet broom, box holly) has a very long history in the treatment of hemorrhoids. Although science has not officially confirmed the effectiveness of this plant to hemorrhoids, Butcher\'s Broom contains the active component (ruscogen) which is believed to improve the tone and integrity of veins and shrink swollen tissue. Butcher\'s broom uses orally in the form of capsules or tea. It also can be used when applied topically as an ointment or compress. People with high blood pressure, benign prostate hyperplasia, pregnant or nursing women, people taking alpha blocker or MAO inhibitor drugs should not use the Butcher\'s broom.
Horse chestnut, which is mainly used for poor blood circulation in the veins, in folk medicine uses to ease symptoms such as swelling and inflammation of hemorrhoids, due to the active component aescin. Horse chestnut uses in tea and capsule form or as an external compress. It is important to note that only the seeds and bark of young branches and useful, while other parts of the plant are toxic.
In addition, there are other ways to treat and prevent hemorrhoids. One of them is Triphala (an Ayurvedic compound of three fruits) - tonic, which gently removes constipation. Then, the topical application of calendula or chamomile which can be used in the form of compress or ointment. Finally, and most importantly, a healthy lifestyle that includes adequate water intake (a minimum of six glasses a day), plenty of fiber in the diet and physical activity.