Peanut is a certain type of plant which comes from the family of legumes, which means that it is related to peas and beans. The nuts actually grow on the stems, but during the early stages of development they get pushed into the ground by the plant. The plant itself can be up to half a meter in height. Peanut originates from Brazil, but nowadays the biggest manufacturers of this plant include China, tropical Africa and India. There are numerous different varieties of peanuts available on the market but the most popular ones include Runner, Valencia, Spanish and Virginia.
The Spanish one is usually used for roasting, while the Virginia variety is commonly sold in its shell. The Valencia has the smallest kernels and is also commonly used for roasting. The popular peanut butter is usually made from the redskin jumbo runner variety. Peanuts can be consumed in their raw form, they can be roasted and they can be processed in order to produce various different types of flakes, flour, oil and butter, among others. A serving of 100 grams of peanuts contains 550 calories, 26.9 grams of proteins, 23.6 grams of carbohydrates, 44.2 grams of fat, 337 milligrams of potassium, 393 milligrams of phosphorus, 1.9 milligrams of iron, 74 milligrams of calcium, 8 milligrams of vitamin E, 16.2 milligrams of niacin, 0.13 milligrams of riboflavin and 0.30 milligrams of thiamine.
Peanuts are an excellent source of protein so they are a welcome addition to the diets of all weak or underweight people, and of course all the bodybuilders. They are also jam packed with the Coenzyme Q10 which is very beneficial for the overall health of the heart and the entire circulatory system. Peanuts are also among the best food sources of different types of antioxidants, which means that they may come in very handy when it comes to fighting off the free radicals and reducing the amount and severity of damage they cause within the human body. Since peanuts are rich in monounsaturated fats so they are very efficient in reducing the levels of bad cholesterol in the blood and increasing the levels of good cholesterol in the blood. Niacin from the peanuts comes in very handy in prevention of Alzheimer’s disease and similar age related medical conditions. Peanuts are also very efficient in reducing the risk of different sorts of cancers and cardiovascular diseases. Some people may be allergic to peanuts.