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Papaya nutrition facts

Information on Papaya

Papaya is a plant with a shape similar to a pear and its botanical name is carica papaya. It is also very popular because of its high nutritional value. It is a remarkable source of numerous different types of essential minerals and vitamins. Papaya originates from Mexico and Central America and it is an herbaceous perennial plant even though it looks like it is a tree. It grows in most tropical regions everywhere in the world. It grows very fast and it can be up to 10 meters high and it is commonly characterized by large leaves located at the upper part of the stem.

Flowers of the papaya plant have five petals and are characterized by waxy and fleshy appearance. The fruit itself is usually pear shaped or it has a spherical shape. The two main varieties are the Mexican papaya and the Hawaiian papaya. The Mexican papaya has orange flesh, while the Hawaiian variety is more yellow in appearance, both outside and inside. Papaya is very delicious and it is a remarkable source of important nutrients.

Nutritional Information on Papaya

Papaya is one of the best sources of vitamin C as it contains the essential vitamin even more than citrus fruits do. It is also a remarkable source of vitamins A, B and E. It contains certain substances such as flavonoids, carotene and zeaxanthin which are known for their strong antioxidant properties.

It also contains several different types of essential minerals such as iron, potassium, calcium and magnesium. 100 grams of raw fruit of papaya contains 0.1 milligrams of iron, 9.8 grams of carbohydrates, 5 milligrams of phosphorus, 5.9 grams of sugar, 257 milligrams of potassium, 1.8 grams of dietary fiber, 10 milligrams of magnesium, 0.6 grams of protein, 24 milligrams of calcium, 61.8 milligrams of vitamin C and 0.9 milligrams of vitamin E.

A serving of 140 grams of papaya contains approximately 55 calories. Papaya can also be used as a meat tenderizer because it contains chymopapain and papain which are very efficient in breaking down different types of proteins to amino acids.

Health Benefits of Papaya

Papaya is very beneficial when it comes to promotion of overall health and boosting of the cardiovascular system, immune system and digestive system in the human body.

It can prevent abdominal bloating and indigestion which is very beneficial for the overall health of the digestive system. Papaya is also efficient in maintaining a healthy cardiovascular system, lowering the levels of bad cholesterol in the blood, fighting the free radicals, relieving inflammatory conditions and treating arthritis.

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