Physical fitness is an umbrella term encompassing five different aspects. Cardiovascular endurance, muscular strength, muscular endurance, flexibility and body composition are all parts of the whole we call physical fitness. Even though people often consider a person healthy when he/she is fit, they rarely know what fitness truly stands for. Thus, the following lines will give their best to shed some light on the matter.
Physical Fitness Definition
Physical fitness, as a term, can be understood differently by different people. For example, a person leading a sedentary life may perceive physical fitness in a different way, in comparison to an athlete. Nevertheless, physical fitness can be presented through a person's ability to function normally every day, being capable of performing all the necessary physical and mental functions, having enough energy to deal with certain cases of emergency, should they arise. In order for this to be possible, an individual needs to posses each of the above mentioned five aspects of physical fitness.
The Components of Physical Fitness
First of all, one's cardiovascular endurance stands for harmonic functioning of the heart and the lungs, giving enough blood and oxygen to all other parts of the body during exercising. This aspect is achieved through indulging into cardiovascular activities such as swimming, running, cycling, aerobics, rope skipping etc.
The second component of physical fitness is muscular strength, standing for your ability to lift and control weight with your muscles. In order for this to be possible, you need weight trainings, where you lift different types of these items, strengthening your muscles. Some of the best exercises for boosting your muscular strength are bench pressing, push-ups and calf raises.
When you are capable of withstanding many repetitions of muscular strength exercises, your muscular endurance is good. This is the third component and it gets boosted through cardiovascular activities and long-term strength training.
During your fitness exercises, your body needs to be flexible enough to withstand your workout without getting injured. Stretching exercises and techniques, when done slowly and properly, allow your body to develop this, fourth component of physical fitness.
Finally, the fifth component is body composition, being your height, weight, body mass index and the size of your body frame. The best way for assess your body weight and fat levels is underwater weighing.
Basically, these 5 components are necessary for every person to be defined as physically fit. Furthermore, if you are into sports professionally or seriously, you need to boost your speed, agility, balance, coordination, power and reflexes in order to progress and perform optimally.