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Physical fitness circuit training

Introduction

Circuit training is a term which is used for specific training routines in military. A circuit itself is actually a group of different stations which involve performing of various different exercises and tasks. The arrangement of the stations and the exercises and tasks for each station are determined by the objective of the circuit. Circuits incorporate designs which provide different exercises which are suited to every person’s fitness level. Circuits are meant to enhance the fitness on many levels such as speed, flexibility, strength, muscular endurance, CR endurance and many others. There are two basic different types of circuits and those include the fixed circuit and the free circuit. They both have certain advantages over one another. Fixed circuit involves specific time periods preset for each station. The intensity of a fixed circuit can be changed by changing the number of times soldiers go through the circuit, changing the time per station along with the number of repetitions and keeping the time for completion but simultaneously changing the number of repetitions. Free circuit is completely different, because there are no times set for each station, so soldiers are free to work at their own pace. They only need to perform a fixed number of repetitions per each station.

Variables in Circuit Training

There are certain important variables which always need to be considered in circuit training and those include time, number of stations, number of soldiers, number of times the circuit is completed and sequence of stations. Time is the term which defines how long it takes to complete the entire circuit or how long it takes to perform exercises and tasks at each station. The number of stations is always affected by the objective of the circuit and the equipment and time involved as well.  It is also very important to handle the number of soldiers properly and divide them into groups so that the stations do not get overcrowded. Number of times a circuit is completed is also very important, because it is sometimes required to repeat the circuit several times in order to achieve the desired training effect. Sequence of stations may also be of utmost importance. The stations need to include some recovery time, and the difficult ones can ones be alternated with easier ones. When a circuit needs to be designed, one needs to take into consideration the objectives of the circuit, activities which are to be performed and the arrangement of the stations. 

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