We will talk about the easiest way of blood sugar control among diabetics. This way is associated with the nutrition and the intake of foods that are low in glycemic index. We will see what this index is, along with some explanations about the disease called diabetes. The activities we do during the day depend on the calories that are received from the food. Food consists of fats, proteins and carbohydrates, and the last on is transformed into the glucose by the body. The carbohydrates are very important for the topic of this text. Fats and proteins do not enter the blood stream and affect diabetes so they are not that relevant to us, but glucose does enter the bloodstream. The level of the blood sugar is depends on the carbohydrates and the index we have mentioned, the glycemic index, tells us how fast this happens. The carbohydrates increase the blood sugar no matter what, but some do it in a moderate amount, like low glycemic food, while others cause significant increase, which is associated with high glycemic foods. Also, glucose is needed for the production of insulin that is secreted by the pancreas. Insulin will be manufactured in increased amounts if there is a rise in the glucose level.
Foods with Low Glycemic Index
The moderate increase of the blood sugar that these foods cause is very beneficial on those with diabetes. There is a range from 0 to 100 which shows us the level of glycemic index. Low GI foods have from 1 to 55, Medium GI food from 56 to 69, while high GI foods have more than 70. Reduced risk of the development of heart problem, provided sensation of fullness for a long period of time, reduced hunger, insulin sensitivity increase and blood sugar level swings prevention are some of the advantages of low glycemic food consumption. While corn flakes and white rice are high, most vegetables and fruits are low glycemic foods. In the following part of the text, we will mention several foods that have low glycemic index and they can be very good for diabetics. Artichoke has 15 GI, avocado 15 GI, broccoli 15 GI, celery 15 GI, cherries 22 GI, grapefruits 25 GI, peas 22 GI, pearl barley 25 GI, whole milk 27 GI, dried apricots 31 GI, butter beans 31 GI, low fat fruit yogurt 33 GI, apples 38 GI, rears 38 GI, canned tomato soup 38 GI, peaches 42 GI, oranges 44 GI, green grapes 46 GI, and kiwi fruit 52 GI. These foods will be very beneficial if you have diabetes. A simple nutritional change is enough for the blood sugar to be controlled.