Carbohydrates, proteins and fats are all necessary for thenormal and healthy functioning of the body. As for the carbs, there are threedifferent types, including: sugar, starch and dietary fibers. These carbohydratesare necessary for the maintenance and the growth of human organism. Diabetic patientsare often advised to eat more starchy food.
Starch or amylum is consisted of glucose molecules connectedtogether with glycosidic bonds. Most nutritionists will say that thisparticular type of carbohydrates is the most important and there must be atleast 1/3 of them in our diet, since they provide significant part of the energy needfor our body. Plants taken as the food get digested in the body and the enzyme(gastric amylase) provides the starch from them. Our cells contain storages ofthe starch, which are used whenever there is some muscle activity happening.
Nuts, Grains and Cereals
Many different nuts are considered to be great sources ofthe starch. Sunflower seed and roasted and salted cashew nuts are the richestin the starch, containing over 13gm of this carbohydrate per 100g. There isalso starch in: almonds, Brazil nuts, pecan nuts, pistachios, walnuts, sesameseeds, chestnuts, hazelnuts, peanuts and macadamia nuts.
Wheat barn, corn, soy, rye and both types of wheat flour(brown and white) contain the starch. It can also be found in brown rice or rawtapioca, as well as in the raw sago. Just 100g of raw sago or raw tapiocacontain about 95g of starch.
Plenty of vegetables are known to be sources of the starch. Potatoesof any type (raw, canned or boiled), sweet potato or yam, whether raw or boiledcontain starch. Raw plantain, raw or boiled parsnip and raw garlic are alsoincluded in the starchy food.
When looking for the starchy food, don’t forget the beansand lentils, especially lentils, chick peas and black eyed beans, since theseare the valuable sources of starch. 100g of these beans and any kind of lentilswill provide you with more than 43g of starch. French beans, broad beans, red kidneybeans and soy beans also belong to the starchy food.
When talking about the food that contains starch, we shouldn’tforget processed food, even though it’s not the healthiest diet choice. Breads,pastas, tortillas, pizzas, pies and burgers contain high amount of starch. Also,many sweet things may contain the starch, including: cookies, cakes, biscuits, muffins,pastries, puddings and fruit toppings. Breakfastcereals may also be the sources of the starch in your diet.