A sore throat is mostly a temporary and a low risk condition. Most of the time it is caused by an easily treatable underlying illness such as simple cold, flu or perhaps or some smaller viral or bacterial infections. Being such, we are often relieved of our sore throat after a period of few days. However, the situation may be more serious than that depending on the illness behind this condition. Sexually transmitted infections such as gonorrhea may cause a chronic sore throat. Mononucleosis, or, widely known as “the kissing disease”, may also cause both persistent and longer lasting pain and irritation in our throat.
Outside factors such as smoke, cold, dry or polluted air or an injury add on to the list of things which may cause one's throat to be sore. Yelling may cause this condition. In some cases even heartburn is known to provoke pain in our throat, because of the acid reflux where the stomach acids reach out even to our throat.
As far as remedies and medications are concerned, antibiotics are known to be very helpful. Nevertheless, they should be taken only after being prescribed or recommended by your doctor since antibiotics, if not correct the illness may cause more harm than good by killing off the wrong, good bacteria, or causing unwanted or dangerous side-effects.
Various home remedies exist, and can be very useful for doing away with one's sore throat.
Gargling with warm, salt water helps reducing any infections or irritations inside one's throat and thus is a very good remedy. The salt you dissolve may be the regular kitchen one.
Providing yourself with a clean-air environment is an excellent step. Buy and use humidifiers in your home, or simply place shallow dishes filled with water around your dwelling; these will keep the air humidity levels high and reduce the risk of throat irritation. Do not smoke or let other people smoke in your house since it may be the main reason of your condition.
There are numerous throat medications which can be purchased without a doctor's prescription. They can be in forms of pills, sprays, drops and many others. Sometimes a simple medication such as Aspirin or ibuprofen might cure you completely.
The important thing is not to mix different medications since you do not know what kind of an effect it may cause. Additionally, dosage and the medication itself have to be right. For all these reasons it is best to ask for your doctor's opinion before taking any risky drugs.