Other name used in the medicine for eczema is atopic dermatitis. Since there isn’t a cure for this condition, the parents find it very difficult to treat their children from eczema.
The most distinctive symptom for eczema is rash on the skin that is very itchy and annoying. Eczema rash usually starts when a child is small and can appear by the age of 5. Parents think that when the eczema rash goes away it will not return again, but it usually does. A dermatologist can diagnose eczema with the help of appearance of the itchy rash. If it appears in certain areas such as forehead, cheeks, arms, legs in smaller children, while in older children the typical areas include elbows, knees and ankles, then a doctor may diagnose eczema. In some cases, eczema can be misdiagnosed or confused with some other skin condition, but there are means with which a doctor can be sure that he is dealing with eczema, and they include the timing of the rash appearance and the pattern of when it flares up.
You can help your child by keeping him away from the known triggers for eczema. In most cases, these triggers are bubble baths, dust mites, synthetic fabric, wool, etc. In the case that the triggers are unknown, the best possible thing is to keep your child’s skin moisturized, so that eczema flares are avoided. Your child’s skin will be moisturized if you give it a bath with lukewarm water and a neutral, mild soap once a day. After the bath, rub gently moisturizer into the skin and the skin will not be dry. The most effective moisturizer is a greasy ointment including Vaseline and Aquaphor. There are some non-steroidal creams on the market that are proved to be successful as well.
At the peak of eczema flares, you can treat your child with topical steroids and the new non-steroidal medications (Elidel, Protopic). Note that these medications aren’t to be used for children under two years of age. Elidel and Protopic are used twice a day and are applied on the areas that are affected by eczema. If you start to use them after the first signs of eczema, you can avoid eczema flares in your child. Antihistamines are also used in the eczema treatment by providing relief with decreasing the itching. There are some other, also effective methods of eczema treatment.
You should know that if your child has eczema, in the future it will outgrow it or have a milder form of it. In some cases, eczema may run in the whole family and be in a close connection with allergic type disorders. If your child’s eczema doesn’t ease down over time, visit a pediatrician so that, he can react promptly.