Carotid Artery Blockage
The carotid artery is in charge with blood supply of the head and brain. In carotid artery blockage of the blood supply is decreased which, if lasts long enough, can cause damage to the brain and its functions.
The blockage is a result of accumulation of fat, cholesterol and calcium. The process in which these substances attach to the wall of arteries is known as atherosclerosis. The reduction of blood flow occurs due to narrowing of the affected blood vessel, in this case carotid artery.
Treatment for Carotid Artery Blockage
The problem related to carotid artery blockage is that people in majority of cases do not even know that their carotid arteries are narrowed. The first symptoms may be related to certain complications such as TIA- transitory ischemic attack or even worse - stroke. If one has suffered TIA the symptoms usually include intensive headache, numbness or tingling of certain body parts, blurred vision or slurred speech. After being hospitalized patients are examined and auscultatory examination of carotid arteries usually reveals the specific sound related to disturbed blood flow through the blocked arteries. Further examinations such as ultrasound of the neck and large blood vessels of the neck visualize the blockage and some additional tests such as special type of X -ray test can also help in setting of the diagnosis.
There are several treatment modalities applied in patients suffering from carotid artery blockage. They include lifestyle changes, medications and surgery. The goal of the treatment is to stop further narrowing caused by atherosclerosis and prevent some of the potential complications of the blockage such as stroke. Which treatment is going to be applied basically depends on the symptoms, age of the patients and their overall health.
- Dietary Changes
- Lifestyle Changes