A lot of men and women suffer from broken capillaries on legs and the main cause is tearing in the capillary wall. Broken capillaries are also called spider veins because they have a tendency of spreading like the spider’s web.
Broken Capillaries on Legs
Problems in blood circulation and obstacles such as tiny valves are the main causes of broken capillaries. If one leads a sedentary lifestyle or crosses the legs very often, the condition may only worsen. Age is also an important factor as it increases the risk of broken capillaries. Other causes of broken capillaries are obesity, lack of exercise, birth control pills, leg injuries and tumors in the abdomen. The factor of inheritance plays an important role in the broken capillaries appearance too. Women are more affected than men.
Problem with Blood Clots
A blood clot is, basically, a blockage in blood vessels caused by a semi-hard or hard lump. Having a blood clot can lead to pain and extreme discomfort, as well as inability to sleep due to the disturbance. Sometimes, a blood clot can block the blood flow completely, making matters worse. Also, there are cases when the clot moves to other areas of the body and poses even a bigger threat. Once the veins and arteries are blocked in the foot area, one commonly experiences a decrease of mobility regarding this body part. Acute pain manifesting through pins and needles sensation accompanied by burning sensation is also a common occurrence. The surrounding tissues may swell, being a sign of inflammation. Poor circulation may lead to coldness and numbness, decreasing sensation in the area. The affected foot may undergo discoloration as well.
Cramps in Legs from Blocked Arteries
Blocked arteries in legs can cause a person to suffer from cramps and pain in the hips, calves or legs which usually occurs while one is walking, running or sitting. This condition is known under the name peripheral arterial disease (PAD). The blood in the leg’s arteries gets clogged and that is what is making the blockage of the fluent blood flow to the leg. The condition is often painful and its sufferers can experience burning sensation in the affected leg. Claudication is a limp associated with painful sensation caused by improper blood flow. PAD should be treated as soon as visible symptoms are noticed, mainly due to the fact that people suffering from PAD are prone to have cardiovascular stroke. Older people whose arteries are clogged because of buildup of atheromatous plaque or cholesterol often suffer from PAD. Sitting in one position for a long time can cause blocked arteries in legs due to the insufficient blood flow to the legs. High cholesterol levels, high blood pressure, smoking, diabetes, clotting disorders, aneurysms, deep vein thrombosis, and atrial fibrillation can also be some causes of this condition. A person needs to be physically active and lead a healthy lifestyle in order not to suffer from blocked arteries in legs. The symptoms of the PAD may or may not include weakness and cramps in the hips, thighs, calves and legs, pain in the legs and numb and cold feet.
Treatment for Capillary and Artery Problems
Broken capillaries do not require any necessary treatment, as they are considered to be an esthetical problem. A lot of women who have broken capillaries are embarrassed to wear skirts and short pants because their broken capillaries can be seen. Sclerotherapy and laser therapy are the main options for treating broken capillaries. Sclerotherapy involves an injected solution used with the purpose to close and harden the vein. There are also creams that contain vitamins K, C and E available on the market and they can be used in the treatment of broken capillaries. By making a few changes in the lifestyle, one can prevent broken capillaries on time. The best way is to exercise on a regular basis and to avoid sitting or standing in one position for a long time. Keeping optimal body weight and avoiding crossing the legs are also highly recommended. The treatment for blood clots may include blood thinners which prevent the existing clot from getting larger and gradually dissolve it completely. These medications can be administered intravenously or are taken as pills. Aspirin, heparin and warfarin are the most commonly used blood thinners. One should also consume plenty of foods rich in salicylates and omega3 fatty acids, dried fruit and nuts, fish oil, ginger, turmeric and peppermint. Regular exercises are a must.
Those who suffer from cramps in legs should use medications like statins to reduce cholesterol buildup in the body . Proper exercises are also highly recommended for the treatment of the PAD. In some cases, beta-blockers, blood thinners or ACE inhibitors have to be used. Medicamentous treatment failure requires surgery. Surgeries that help in removing the buildup of plaque are bypass, thrombolytic therapy and endarterectomy.