Tendonitis or tendinitis is the injuryof the tendon, usually associated with inflammation. It may involvevarious parts of the body, and people may suffer from patellar tendonitis, jumper’s knee or Achilles tendonitis. Also, there are some other names for thisinjury, including: tennis or golfer's elbow, as well as some tendonitis of theshoulder, known as pitcher's or swimmer's shoulder, depending on the type ofsport that the person was engaged in.
Moving the joint affected withtendonitis can cause many different symptoms, such as swelling, tenderness andpain. In people suffering from tennis elbow, the pain is mostly felt on theouter side of the forearm, especially when there is some rotation of the forearm. Also, painmight be localized above the heel (in Achilles tendonitis), in the groins(adductor tendonitis), below the kneecap (in patellar tendonitis) and in theshoulder when a person suffers from rotator cuff tendonitis. Both symptoms andthe treatment of tendonitis will mainly depend upon the location of the injury.
How to Treat Tendonitis
Primary goals for patients suffering from tendonitis are to stopthe painful sensation and calm inflammation of affected tendon. For that, thereare two types of treatment: things you can do at your home and someprescription medications and therapies.
Doctors’ choices are usually physical therapies andexercise, which should strengthen the joint and muscles affected by tendonitis.Also, your doctor may prescribe corticosteroid injections. These injections aregood to ease the pain and inflammation, but they mustn’t be used for a longperiod of time because of potential problem with the tendons. In rare cases,when the tendon is severely torn, doctors recommend surgical procedure, in order toremove the damage. Some patients successfully recover after a complete tendontear.
At home, you can use RICE method to relieve symptoms of yourtendonitis. RICE is merely shortened from Rest, Ice, Compression and Elevation,because these are treatment measures found to work extremely well for mildertendonitis injuries.
When using this method, always strive to protect the injury. Useelastic wrap, cane, sling, splint or crutches to prevent any further injury ofalready problematic area. Then, rest the region of the body affected bytendonitis and avoid strenuous (or sometimes even any) activities involvingthis part of the body. Use ice to reduce the swelling and muscle spasms, andelastic wrap to compress the injury. After that, you should elevate affected part of the body in order to decrease the blood flow and therefore decreasepossible swelling and pain.