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The prostate is a gland placed below the bladder and a part of urinary tube passes through it. Only men have the prostate. Its role is still incompletely tested but, it is known that this gland produces liquid part of semen. It has the same size as chestnut and begins to grow immediately after the age of 25.

Symptoms

Prostate enlargement is the consequence of male sex hormone – testosterone (dihydrotestosterone). Somewhere around the age of 50, a man begins to feel symptoms of enlarged prostate. They are manifested in: frequent nocturnal enuresis, slowed or delayed urination, weak urine flow, inability to delay urination, incomplete bladder emptying abruptness of urine flow during bladder emptying urine dripping, which takes the few seconds at the end of urination urination accompanied with pain hematuria - presence of blood in urine urine retention frequent urination strong and sudden urge to urinate incontinence - uncontrolled urination Symptoms appear gradually and a patient goes to the doctor only when these symptoms begin to disrupt the normal life.

Treatment

Once the diagnosis is established, the enlarged prostate treatment may begin. Treatment can be: hormonal – group of drugs that blocks alfa1 adrenoceptor (floma x, x atral, Cardura, etc.) and drugs that inhibit 5 alpha reductase, an enzyme that is located in the prostate and is responsible for the prostate growth (proscar, Avodart). These drugs do not reduce prostate but mitigate the above symptoms of enlarged prostate. invasive - microwaves, laser or Cryotherapy (freezing). surgical - through the urinary tube by Transurethral resection (TUR), or, if a prostate is very large, doctors perform the open surgery, in which the entire prostate is removed. It is believed that Transurethral resection (TUR) is the gold standard in the treatment of enlarged prostate. Surgery is usually indicated in men with symptoms of incontinence, blood in the urine, urine retention and recurrent urinary tract infections. Complications of surgical treatment are very rare, sharing the same risk with all other surgical procedures. Open prostatectomy is usually performed with general or spinal anesthesia. This procedure is time consuming and requires staying in hospital for seven to ten days.

American doctors are experimenting with a new, and appears to be an effective method of enlarged prostate treatment with laser. Strongly focused green laser light could be a solution for common health problem among older men. Excess tissue, which causes urological disorders, is removed by simple surgery thanks to this device. The surgery has no side effects, which normally occur in conventional prostate surgery. The procedure is done outpatient and patients can be released from the hospital the same day. Laser light is so strong that surgeons and nurses have to wear special protective glasses. This procedure is particularly suitable for patients who don't feel any improvement after drug therapy, and for those who for some reason cannot or do not want to undergo traditional surgery with scalpel. The surgery is so precise that the removal of tissue doesn't affect the surrounding nerves and other sensitive cells.

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