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Definition of Enlarged Prostate

Prostate is the male reproductive gland, which produce the fluid that carries sperm during ejaculation. Prostate is surrounding urethra trough witch urine passes out of the body, and in cases when prostate gland becomes enlarged, it starts to press urethra causing several problems like bladder or urination problems. This condition is called or benign prostatic hyperplasia or Prostate Enlargement - BPH, and it may happen to all man in their older age.

Causes

The actual cause of BPH or prostate enlargement is unknown. Risk factors that affect the possibility of BPH development may be that all men will have an enlarged prostate if they live long enough because only small amount of prostate enlargement is present in men over 40 and more than 90% of men over age of 80, meaning that chances of BPH are getting bigger as man gets older. No risk factors have been identified in cases when man are having normally functioning testicles.

Symptoms

There are several BPH symptoms, which include need to urinate two or more times per night, pain with urination or bloody urine which may be signs of infection, strain when urinate, inability to urinate or urinary retention, incomplete emptying of your bladder, dribbling at the end of urinating, incontinence, weak urine stream, sudden and strong urge to urinate and delayed or slowed start of the urinary stream.

Treatments for BPH

Based on the severity of your prostate problems, various treatments can be recommended, from lifestyle changes, diet, exercise, medications or supplements and in some severe cases surgery is performed. Large portion of man over 60 years of age shows symptoms of BPH, but most of them are mild, and home self-care prevention are often enough. If you have BPH, you should have a regular yearly exam to watch for the progression of your symptoms and make any changes in treatment if it is necessary.

In the area of self-care for BPH cases, you should try to avoid alcohol and coffee, and exercise regularly. Try to urinate on first urge and to reduce stress. In case of prostate inflammation, antibiotics or hormone-based medications are prescribed.

Many herbs have been used for treating a enlarged prostate problems. Saw palmetto is often recommended as an alternative to medications and it has been used by many men to ease BPH symptoms.

Antibiotics may also be prescribed in cases of chronic prostatitis, which is inflammation of the prostate, which often accompanies BPH.

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