Dysplasia is a medical condition which features with abnormal growth of epithelial cells of the cervix. There are three stages of cervical dysplasia and they are classified as mild, moderate and severe. Mild dysplasia is not serious medical condition but it requires proper treatment since if left untreated it may eventually transform into cervical cancer.
The greatest risk of getting mild dysplasia is evident in women between 25 and 35. Unfortunately, there are no symptoms of this medical condition. It is asymptomatic and can be found only during regular gynecologic examination.
Causes of Mild Dysplasia
The actual cause of mild dysplasia has not been established yet. However, it most commonly occurs in women who are suffering from certain types of human papilloma viruses. This virus is transmitted via unprotected sexual intercourse and it almost always causes changes on the cervix. The virus directly damages the superficial layer of the cervix and induces abnormal growth of cervical cells. Human papilloma virus is responsible for genital warts and benign genital tumors, but it can also induce cervical cancer.
Certain factors can accelerate and ease the formation of mild dysplasia. The age of the exposure to human papilloma virus determine whether the woman is going to develop mild dysplasia or not. The most susceptible women are those who were exposed to the virus between them 16 and 18. Apart from the exposure another factors such as teenage pregnancy, smoking, and promiscuity may contribute to the formation of mild dysplasia.
Treatment for Mild Dysplasia
The diagnosis of mild cervical dysplasia can be only confirmed after Pap smear test has been performed and samples are thoroughly microscopically examined. Pap smear collects the cells form the surface of the cervix and is helpful in detection of both, mild dysplasia and cervical cancer.
In some cases mild dysplasia can withdraw spontaneously without any treatment. Some doctors tend to monitor dysplasia and perform routine pap smears every 3 to 6 months to see whether the dysplasia is going to withdraw spontaneously. On the other hand, some doctors treat the cervical change to prevent its progression. This is done because mild dysplasia may transform into moderate cervical dysplasia. Specific supplements may enhance the immune system and help in healing.
In case that dysplasia does not heal within certain period of time or in case it transforms into moderate type it requires surgical removal. There are several types of surgical removal of dysplasia. Cryosurgery as well as laser treatment are the leading ones. After the surgery patients need to undergo regular pap smears at a regular interval of time. This can prevent recurrence of the disease.