In the following lines, we will try to explain and explore the abnormalities that may appear in the Pap smear test. Pap smear test is a test for the women, whose purpose is to detect abnormalities in the cells of cervix. Cervix is a medical name for the narrow end of the uterus. Any abnormalities that are occurring in these cells can be detected with pap smear test, as well as weather a woman has some kind of infection, or inflammation. These cell abnormalities may lead to cervical cancer development. Also, a gynecologist may detect in the regular exam in what part of the female reproductive system these abnormalities appear. According to statistics, every year in the USA, 55 million of Pap smear tests are conducted and in 6% of theses tests some abnormalities are detected. When an abnormality in Pap smear test appears, a woman has to attend doctor so that he could determine the cause and decide on the treatment.
Causes of Abnormal Pap Smear Test Results
Some of the most frequent causes of abnormal Pap smear tests include sexually transmitted diseases, infection with Human Papillomavirus, unprotected sexual intercourse, intense and long smoking of tobacco. In order to discover the exact cause of abnormal Pap smear test, a patient has to undergo some additional tests. Colposcopy is a biopsy that is used to discover the cause of these abnormalities, and some other methods that can be used for this purpose include cryotherapy, conization, laser therapy, hysterectomy or loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP).
Abnormal Pap Smear Causes: Interpretation
Here we will provide you with the most frequent interpretation of the appearance of abnormal cells in Pap smear test. Changes in the cells that are benign may have as an outcome herpes, Chlamydia, yeast infections, gonorrhea and estrogen decline during menopause. All of these conditions can lead to cervix inflammation. If the cells that characterized as near abnormal cells appear, you should know that they are benign. In some cases, if cells that are regarded as cancerous appear, the further step would be close monitoring of the further development of these cells, because they may lead to cancer.
In the medicine, the abnormal cells are called dysplasia and those cells can be mild, moderate, severe and carcinoma in situ. Each one of the dysplasia type of cells requires close monitoring.
From the beginning of the implementation of Pap smear tests in the USA, a number of women who have died tragically from cancer decreased. That is why it is important for a woman to regularly visit her gynecologist and to do Pap smear tests. Every sexually active woman over 21 years of age should do Pap smear test every year, because abnormalities can be detected on time.