Following is a list that includes medical treatments (Western Medicine) for female infertility. The article and the list is very general, since different treatments apply for different causes, so prior starting any kind of treatment you should consult your doctor or fertility specialist. Clomid (Clomiphene) is a fertility drug that induces ovulation. It is prescribed to women that have problems with regular menstrual cycles or that do not ovulate at all.
Other drugs that stimulate ovulation are also: Gonadotrophins and Bromocriptine. Hormone pump is a form of treatment that releases gonadotropins. Pergonal, Metrodin, Humegon, Fertinex are all hormone stimulators as the name says their goal is to stimulate the low production of sexual hormones in woman s body. In case of high prolactin levels Parlodel (bromocriptine mesylate) is prescribed. Treatments that include assisted conception are performed in a form of
- artificial insemination
- semen concentration methods- this method is used with artificial insemination in cases of male fertility problems, most common in case of low sperm counts
- donor insemination - a male semen donor is applied; this technique is used in cases of male infertility, but is accompanied by quite complex emotional and legal issues.
Assisted reproductive technologies (ART) are another form of applying technology in reproductive health.
- In vitro fertilization (IVF) also known as the "test tube baby" technology.
- Gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT) a reproductive technology that is applied when female fallopian tubes are normal and an egg is placed with sperm in fallopian tubes.
- Zygote intrafallopian transfer (ZIFT) - a reproductive technology that represents a combination of IVF and GIFT; ZIFT is a transfer of a single cell zygote.
- Pronuclear stage transfer (PROST) represents a reproductive technology when transfer of the sperm and ovum occur in an early stage before a fully formed gamete has occurred.
- Tubal embryo stage transfer (TEST) - similar to ZIFT but transferring a multi-cell embryo (2-call, 4-cell, 8-cell).
- Micro-injection fallopian transfer (MIF) this reproductive technique is applied in low sperm counts: a microscopic injection of a sperm into an ovum and transferred to fallopian tubes.
- Donor egg IVF - use of a donor female ovum with IVF (or any type of ART)
- Frozen embryos