IVF or in vitro fertilization is a preferred treatment for infertility when all other methods of assisted reproduction have failed. Couples who are not able to conceive a child naturally often turn to the IVF method. This process includes: control of the ovulation with certain hormones, removal of eggs from the ovaries and in vitro fertilization of these eggs with the sperm. After the fertilization, zygote (fertilized egg) is transferred back to the uterus, hoping to establish successful pregnancy.
The first test tube baby was born in 1978, and the doctor (Robert G. Edwards) who developed the IVF infertility treatment has received the Nobel Prize for it. Since the 1981, the treatment is available in the US and there are over 45.000 children born with the help of IVF infertility treatment.
For the couples who can’t conceive naturally and want to have kids infertility is enormously hard. Problems may appear concerning the women or men, or even both of them might have some difficulties making them unable to have children. If a woman’s fallopian tubes are blocked, most doctors suggest tubal surgery, but IVF treatment is also an option. Other fertility issues may also include inability to produce enough sperm to fertilize the eggs. Whatever the cause of your infertility is, you should always inform yourself and consult your doctors in search for best solutions for your case. IVF process includes certain risks, and every woman (or every couple) thinking about the process should be aware and informed about them.
Women who go for the IVF are very likely to conceive multiples after the treatment. Modern technology and reproductive endocrinologists have some methods to prevent such events, because of the strain in has to the woman’s body. Some doctors might suggest implanting only one fertilized egg, but this may seriously affect the wanted outcome (viable pregnancy). Because of that fact, multiple pregnancies are considered to be one of the risks of the IVF treatment.
When a woman can’t get pregnant because of the problems with her fallopian tubes, there are high chances to develop ectopic pregnancy after the IVF. Other women treated for infertility also have increased, but slightly lower risks of developing this problem. Previous pregnancies, abdominal surgeries or pelvic infection may also be the causes of ectopic pregnancy on the IVF treatment.
Some number of patients may have to cancel out the IVF procedure, because of the under or over stimulation of ovarian follicles. The risk goes around 5 to 25%, and for women over 39 years of age it is around 25%.