Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a disorder which affects upper digestive tract. It occurs when the acid from the stomach flows back into the esophagus. The acid can irritate the lining of the stomach, esophagus and in some cases the throat. The most common symptom of GERD is heartburn which is a feeling of burning sensation in the chest. Burning sensation can extend to the throat and you may also feel a sour taste in the mouth. Other symptoms of GERD include pain in the chest, pain in the stomach, swallowing difficulties, sore throat and dry cough. GERD can be triggered by certain food, such as greasy or spicy food, garlic, onion, tomato sauces, chocolate, and citrus fruits. Alcohol and coffee can also cause GERD. Pregnant women, people who are overweight and smokers are more prone to GERD.
An excellent remedy for GERD is apple cider vinegar. You can put one teaspoon of this vinegar into a half filled glass of water and drink it during dinner. This simple remedy will prevent heartburn and ease the upset stomach. Ginger root pills can also ease your stomach if you take one after a meal. Chewing fennel seeds or almonds can reduce the amount of acid in your stomach. Herbal mixture of anise and lavender is also recommended for preventing GERD. Drink this mixture as tea, in which you can add some honey to improve the taste. Chamomile tea can also soothe your stomach.
If you start feeling any of GERD symptoms, you should drink a glass of milk. In order to prevent stomach acid from flowing back to your esophagus, drink some water or eat one apple after a meal, in order to decrease the amount of acid. It is also recommended to chew a gum for half an hour after a meal.
Beside standard medical treatment, you can introduce some lifestyle changes which can help deal with the symptoms of GERD. You should keep your weight normal because excess weight puts pressure to your stomach and causes the acid to refluxes into your esophagus. The similar effect is achieved if you wear too tight clothes. Since certain food can cause GERD, you should avoid consuming it. Eat smaller amounts off food more times a day. If you stop smoking, you will significantly reduce the risk of GERD and many more diseases. After a meal, you should take a short walk instead of lying down. This will help your metabolism and digestion as well. It is recommended to keep your upper part of the body elevated while lying down in order to prevent the acid from flowing back into the esophagus.