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When a person eats,a small flap opens in order to let the food pass and this flap is located at thebottom area of the esophagus. Other name used for this muscle flap is loweresophageal sphincter. This muscle is a separator between the esophagus and thestomach. In some cases this flap does notclose after finishing the meal and when this happens acid goes again to theesophagus. The most used name for this condition is heartburn. This conditioncan be experienced sometimes even very rarely but some people can have it regularly. If this is the case gastroesophageal reflux disease is a possible culprit.There are some additional problems connected with this disease.

Complications of gerd

Scars can form on the tissue if this problem is suffered frequently. Thisproblem can cause problems while eating, especially with swallowing, while otherpossible problems include ulcers and sores. When this occurs, swelling andbleeding is found in the esophageal tract, and these are usually the only symptoms, no pain. Another possible complication is Barrett's esophagus.This condition is a very serious, and it can lead to a cancer, which is why it has tobe treated. It is produced by a great damage of the esophagus and when thishappens, esophagus changes color. Pain, vomiting and swallowing problems areexperienced when suffering from Berrett's esophagus. Esophageal cancer can alsooccur as we have mentioned and the most usual way of developing this cancer, isuntreated Berrett's condition but this is very rare. Adenocarcinoma is themost common type of esophagus cancer experienced, and vomiting, pain and swallowingproblems are experienced when this happens. Although the connection has not been determined almost every person suffering from GERD also suffers from asthma.

Treatment of gerd

When you think you are suffering from this condition, visit to the doctor is recommended, because they will help you eliminate the problem from your system. The most commontreatment uses medication and some adjunctions of your lifestyle. Some activitiesare connected with the development of gastroesophageal reflux disease. Activitiessuch as fatty foods, smoking and wearing tight clothes are some of those activities.Along with the adjustments we have mentioned, medications, like prokinetics,proton-pump inhibitors are used. Doctor can also give you antacids such astums or ranitidine, such as Zantac. Sometimes this treatment will not give wantedresults and if this happens surgery can be performed in order to eliminate theheartburn. This surgery will make the muscle flap stronger.

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