When a person eats, a small flap opens in order to let the food pass and this flap is located at the bottom area of the esophagus. Other name used for this muscle flap is lower esophageal sphincter. This muscle is a separator between the esophagus and the stomach. In some cases this flap does not close after finishing the meal and when this happens acid goes again to the esophagus. The most used name for this condition is heartburn. This condition can be experienced sometimes even very rarely but some people can have it regularly. If this is the case gastroesophageal reflux disease is a possible culprit. There are some additional problems connected with this disease.
Complications of gerd
Scars can form on the tissue if this problem is suffered frequently. This problem can cause problems while eating, especially with swallowing, while other possible problems include ulcers and sores. When this occurs, swelling and bleeding is found in the esophageal tract, and these are usually the only symptoms, no pain. Another possible complication is Barrett's esophagus. This condition is a very serious, and it can lead to a cancer, which is why it has to be treated. It is produced by a great damage of the esophagus and when this happens, esophagus changes color. Pain, vomiting and swallowing problems are experienced when suffering from Berrett's esophagus. Esophageal cancer can also occur as we have mentioned and the most usual way of developing this cancer, is untreated Berrett's condition but this is very rare. Adenocarcinoma is the most common type of esophagus cancer experienced, and vomiting, pain and swallowing problems are experienced when this happens. Although the connection has not been determined almost every person suffering from GERD also suffers from asthma.
Treatment of gerd
When you think you are suffering from this condition, visit to the doctor is recommended, because they will help you eliminate the problem from your system. The most common treatment uses medication and some adjunctions of your lifestyle. Some activities are connected with the development of gastroesophageal reflux disease. Activities such as fatty foods, smoking and wearing tight clothes are some of those activities. Along with the adjustments we have mentioned, medications, like prokinetics, proton-pump inhibitors are used. Doctor can also give you antacids such as tums or ranitidine, such as Zantac. Sometimes this treatment will not give wanted results and if this happens surgery can be performed in order to eliminate the heartburn. This surgery will make the muscle flap stronger.