Information on Hyperpigmentation
Hyperpigmentation is the medical term for the condition which involves the dark spots on the skin surface. This medical condition is completely harmless and in most cases it occurs on the facial skin. The discoloration of skin does not have to be restricted to freckles and spots. It can also appear in the form of large and uneven patches anywhere on the body. Quite often the liver spots and age spots get mistakenly associated with the facial hyperpigmentation.
Causes of Facial Hyperpigmentation
The skin color comes mainly from a pigment called melanin. Those who have darker skin tones actually have more melanin than those who have lighter skin tones. One of the main causes of facial hyperpigmentation is an uneven production of melanin. Certain other factors may contribute to this medical condition and they may include sun exposure, age, hormone balance and pregnancy.
Facial hyperpigmentation usually occurs more in people who have darker skin. There are three basic types of hyperpigmentation and they are focal hyperpigmentation, diffuse hyperpigmentation and drug induced hyperpigmentation. Focal hyperpigmentation usually occurs after injuries, burns, cuts and inflammatory conditions. Sometimes it can also be associated with the occurrence of skin acne.
Diffuse hyperpigmentation commonly occurs as the manifestation of a symptom of some other underlying medical condition or sometimes as a response to chemotherapy as well. Drug induced hyperpigmentation gets triggered by certain types of chemicals and drugs such as amiodarone and antimalarial medicaments.
Treatment and Therapy
It is always important to determine the cause of hyperpigmentation in order to determine the appropriate treatment. Cases which are not severe may be treated with numerous different types of natural remedies.
One can use lemon juice mixed with honey to provide the affected areas with the healing treatment. Another efficient natural remedy for the facial hyperpigmentation is the aloa vera gel which comes in very handy when it comes to the treatment and soothing of the affected areas of the skin. There are numerous topical therapies as well and one of the most popular ones is the hydroquinone therapy. It is a simple, non invasive process for the red hyperpigmentation on the facial skin.
Other topical therapies usually include kojic acid, licorice extract, alpha hydroxy acids, retinoids and salicylic acid. Microdermabrasion is another method and it utilizes sandblasting of the skin which peels off the skin surface cells. The top layer of the skin can also be removed by using laser resurfacing. Sun block is essential for all those who suffer from facial hyperpigmentation.