There are many lymph nodes in our body and they make lymphatic system. When this system suffers from a cancer, lymphoma is the name used for this condition. Lymphocytes are the white blood cells, which travel through the lymph vessels and help the immune system. When a person suffers from lymphoma, these cells begin to rise in number, causing the gathering of these cells and weakening of the immune system. Because of this, patients with lymphoma are easily susceptible to infections. Most common symptom is lymph node swelling in the armpit, neck or groin.
Pain is very rarely connected with this condition. Two types of lymphoma exist, the first Hodgkin's lymphoma, which is the most common type, and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, which does not have reed-Sternberg cell that can be found in Hodgkin's lymphoma. A number of other types of lymphoma can be found, but they can be divided in two types. The first type is low-grade lymphoma, which grows slowly. The other is high grade, which usually start sudden and aggressively.
This type is very common, and it usually affects older people. The treatment can be positive, but many variables determine the outcome. Do not be fooled by the name, since high-grade lymphoma can be more easily treated than the low grade. This is mostly because of the symptoms, which are felt when high-grade lymphoma is experienced. But the problem with low grade is that the symptoms are not evident and detected, so the problem cannot be treated.
This type of lymphoma has Reed-Sternberg cells and is very rare type of lymphoma. Unlike the first type of lymphoma we have discussed earlier, this type usually targets people between 15 and 35. Though it spreads very rapidly, it is easily treated.
First possible complication is immunocompromised state. Because of the body condition, weak immune system makes the body susceptible to infections. Problems like tiredness, fever, aching muscles, headache and diarrhea are experienced. If the chemotherapy has been aggressive, problem with damaged stem cells may arise. When bone marrow is seriously damaged, healthy stem cells will have to be extracted from the blood. New bone marrow will have to be produced after the treatment. Because of this, stem cells are collected and kept, in order to be used after the treatment. They will help with the bone marrow production. Last complication possible is infertility, which can occur after high dose of chemotherapy or radiation. Man can keep the sperm before the treatment in order to avoid this problem.