Introduction to Lymphoma Cancer
Lymphoma is a term that refers to a group of cancers that affect thecells that play a role in the immune system and primarily represents cellsinvolved in the lymphaticsystem of the body (called lymphocytes). Lymph cells(lymphocytes) are found in blood and lymph nodes. In lymphoma, some lymph cellsbecome abnormal. However,the exact cause of why this occurs is not yet discovered.
The lymphatic system includesthe lymph nodes, spleen, thymus gland and bone marrow. Lymphoma can affect allthose areas.
There are two main types, Hodgkin'slymphoma and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. There are manydifferent types of both Hodgkin's lymphoma and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. Intotal, there are nearly 30 different types of this condition, some common andsome rare.
Symptoms and Treatment
The most common symptoms of lymphomainclude: a painless swelling in the neck, under an arm or in the groin;abdominal pain, or discomfort, weight loss, night sweats, fever, chills,itching, and fatigue, etc.
However, being that thesesymptoms may be also caused by a number of other conditions, a person shouldconsult a doctor as soon as they have noticed them. In that way, the doctor mayrule out or confirm lymphoma.
The treatment of lymphomausually includes aggressive chemotherapy, or radiation therapy. Also, immunotherapy(also called biological therapy) is increasingly being used in addition to oras an alternative to these standard therapies.
Lymphoma Survival Rate
Life expectancy and survival rate of this disease usuallydepends on the age of the person, their overall health and the progression ofthe disease.
Lymphoma is the third most common cancer seen in children,out of which the occurrence rate of Hodgkin lymphoma is 7.2 per cent and non-Hodgkinlymphoma is 6.6 per cent.
According to the race, the Hodgkin cancer is most commonlyseen in white people, followed by African Americans and then Hispanic people.In addition, according to a recent research that has been conducted, thesurvival rate for the Hodgkin lymphoma is 95.5 per cent for young adults below the ageof 20 years. In the last 30 years the deaths due to Hodgkin lymphomahas decreased. Death rate in men has decreased by 3 per cent and in women, the deathrate has decreased by 3.7 percent.
The Non-Hodgkin cancer is the seventh most common cancer inboth men and women. The survival rate of NHL has increased in the last 5 years.
According to a recent survey, it has increased up to 84.4 percent. Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is the ninth most common cause of death in males and sixthmost common cause of deaths in females.