Cosmetic surgery treatments require one to be well-informed in the process of making decision. One should get familiar with best candidates for each cosmetic surgery procedure, recovery time, appropriate expectations and risks involved.
Most common complications
Bleeding is normal for every surgical procedure, but if it is excessive it may lead to some other problems. Excessive bleeding accumulates blood under skin, forming bruises, and this may require additional surgery.
Swelling is a common after effect of surgery. It reaches the peak within 48 hours and then gradually drops off.
Infections are usually prevented using the antibiotics. However, in some rare cases they might occur, especially in patients with compromised health. Smokers, steroid users and patients with cardio vascular diseases may be at higher risk.
Seroma is a pocket of fluid that accumulates under the skin and most commonly occurs after breast surgery, liposuction or a tummy tuck.
Patients who have had recent surgery are at the increased risk to develop blood clots, especially if they are inactive or in bed. Patients are at more risk for blood clots if they remain sedentary so they are often being advised to walk as much as they can after the surgery and make sure they are up and changing positions.
Drops in blood pressure caused by blood loss may lead to irregular heart beat and many other severe complications.
Aspiration may often follow any medical surgery, but it may be prevented if patient restrains from eating prior the surgery. It happens, if patients vomit during surgery and the vomit is being forced into lungs. It causes discomfort to the patient and may lead to infections, chronic cough, and obstruction in the lungs or pneumonia.
Skin death, or necrosis, may occur most likely among smokers. It usually fallows an infection or hematoma.
Slow or delayed healing is possible and this is something that one can control. It may happen due to age, skin type or failure to follow doctor’s recommendations.
Numbness or tingling, even the permanent loss of sensation may result from an injury to sensory or motor nerves.
How to avoid complications
Cosmetic surgery risks are most often connected with patient’s physical and emotional well being. Patients suffering from any kind of psychological disorder or physical illness should be advised against having a plastic surgery. It is extremely important to be honest with cosmetic surgeon and reveal all of the important information about physical and mental condition, or use of medications and supplements.Cosmetic surgery generally has a low rate of complications, but only among board certified plastic surgeons.