Triple Bypass Surgery
Triple bypass surgery is performed in people who are suffering from severe blockage of coronary arteries. To be more precise triple bypass surgery is performed in people who are suffering from blockage of more than one coronary artery. In these patients medications simply cannot increase supply of the heart with oxygen and they are at significant risk of developing a heart attack.
Bypass surgery generally helps the heart to restore affected blood flow and to be well supplied with oxygen and other nutrients. Triple bypass surgery is major surgery which carries certain risk of complications. Complications may be either immediate or long-termed.
Risks and Complications of Triple Bypass Surgery
Patients who undergo triple bypass surgery need to be fully informed about all the possible risks connected to the surgical procedure. The surgery provides with excellent results but they are not permanent since atherosclerosis tends to re-occur especially if the patient does not change lifestyle, regularly take medications and is engaged in regular physical activity.
The first risk is associated to anesthesia. There are adverse reactions to anesthesia. The side effects are most commonly mild but in some patients there may be severe reactions such as depression of central nervous system, respiratory depression or even cardiac arrest. Still the most common side effects of general anesthesia are nausea and vomiting. Heart attack, stroke and lethal outcome may occur as well.
Prolonged and excessive bleeding is another complication of triple bypass surgery. If it occurs during the surgery patients are commonly administered transfusion. The bleeding may continue after the surgery so that the patient needs to be re-operated. Infections may occur as well and they are either local and connected to the incision line, or they may affect certain organs such as the lungs causing pneumonia or the bladder causing cystitis. Infections occur rather rarely because all the patients are prophylactically administered antibiotics. Additional prevention against infection is proper sterilization of the operating theater and all the instruments that are used during the surgery.
Patients who have undergone this type of surgery may additionally complain about subtle changes in long term memory and comprehension. They can even experience difficulties with concentration.
The goal of triple bypass surgery is prevention of the heart attack and elimination of the chest pain. One of the possible complications is re-occurrence of the chest pain. This complication can be successfully evaded if the patient quits the bad habits such as smoking and adopts new, healthy habits such as light exercise, proper diet, and better coping with stress.