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What is lupus?

Lupus is a disease that is the different from other diseases ina sense that bacteria or viruses attack healthy tissue. The outcome ofthat may be very serious, causing damage of kidneys, joints, skin, heart,lungs, blood vessels and brain. It is still not discovered what causes the development of lupus, but there are beliefs that the cause is related to geneticsand the environment that we live in. According to doctors, we may inheritpredisposition to lupus, but the disease itself may develop when we get intocontact with something that may be the cause of lupus.

Types of lupus

There are four types of lupus that don’t differvery much, but the treatment is different for each one of them. The first type of lupus is called systemic lupus. and when it appears, it can damage almost every part of your body. The second type is called discoidlupus, and it attacks skin. It is not so often that people with discoid lupusdevelop systemic lupus, but this possibility is not excluded. Drug-induced lupus develops only in caseswhere people take particular prescription medications, and the symptoms disappearwhen people stop taking those medications. The fourth type of lupus, neonatallupus, develops in newborns, and it is a very rare condition, which appears due to mother’santibodies that are passed on to the child. The usual sign of neonatal lupus is arash that appears in the first week of life of a newborn. In cases that are more serious,condition such as congenital heart block may appear.

Causes of lupus

Since the cause is still unknown, there are certain factorsthat can increase the risk of developing lupus. Those factors include a sex ofa person, since lupus is rarer with men. People of age between 15 and 40 are morelikely to develop lupus, and people from Europe have fewer reasons for worry, because lupus attacks black people more often.

Sun can also be one of the triggers that may wake lupus up, and according to the doctors, sunlight expresses proteins of the skin to the surface and thereforelupus develops. Drugs that may also be a trigger for lupus development are antipsychoticchlorpromazine, medications for high blood pressure, drug isoniazid, certain heartmedications and several others. Lupus can be developedafter the infection of the Epstein-Barr virus and from being exposed tochemicals, too. Smoking is a risk factor for many diseases, and also forlupus.

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