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Introduction

In order to treat cervicitis properly, it needs to beidentified first and its causes must be determined. It is usually caused by gonorrhea,chlamydia and trichomonas which are sexually transmitted diseases. Cervicitiscan also be caused by streptococcus, enterococcus, staphylococcus and herpessimplex.

Causes

Chlamydial infections are caused by parasitic microorganismsthat live in the host cells. One usually does not experience any symptoms for afew months but when they do occur they include pelvic pain, fever, bleeding,discharge and uncomfortable urination. In men, the infection is usuallycharacterized by painful urination and discharge from the penis. Chlamydianeeds to be treated on time before it spreads to the fallopian tubes or theuterus. The infection is usually treated with doxycycline, ofloxacin,erythromycin or azithromycin. A woman needs to have gynecological exams on aregular basis in order to prevent cervicitis and other ailments fromdeveloping.

They involve a Pap smear which detects the presence of any abnormalcells on the cervix surface. The second step of a gynecological exam consistsof a bi-annual examination of the reproductive organs and the rectum in order tocheck for any tenderness or pain. Doxycycline is the most commonly usedmedication of all the aforementioned medications. Gonorrhea usually does notinvolve any symptoms until a person experiences an unusual discharge, pelvicpain, painful urination, fever and unusual bleeding. It is usually treated withciprofloxacin, cefixime, ofloxacin or ceftriaxone. If not treated on time,gonorrhea may lead to fertility problems, skin problems, blood poisoning, heartinfections, arthritis and brain infections. Reinfection can sometimes occur, sopatients should be very careful.

Trichomonas is triggered by a simplemicroscopic organism which and is characterized by a frothy discharge from thevagina. Sometimes it may also include redness, pain, itchiness and anobjectionable odor. Trichomonas rarely involves any symptoms in men but in rarecases the patients may feel irritation or perhaps a burning sensation whileurinating. The most common medication used for the treatment of trichomonas ismetronidazole and it inhibits the ingestion of any alcoholic beverages duringthe treatment since it may trigger certain side effects. Open sores andblisters on the cervix usually indicate a herpes simplex. Acyclovir is usuallyhelpful in relieving the symptoms of the herpes simplex. Sometimes the cervicitismay be caused certain other types of medications.

In order to preventcervicitis one should limit sexual contact and visit the doctor on aregular basis to perform gynecological checks.

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