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Sexually transmitted diseases – STD

It is estimated that even 15 millions people arediagnosed with some sexually transmitted disease in a year. It is quitedevastating, isn’t it? The sexually transmitted disease refers to a groupof infections that one gets from an infected person. While most sexuallytransmitted infections are treatable and curable, there are also some of them which cannot be cured, such as herpes and genital warts, as well as AIDS. One can get infected not only through a sexual intercoursewith an infected person, but also by kissing, oral-genital contact and by usingsome sexual toys like vibrators.

Common sexually transmitted diseases

Chlamydia is one of sexually transmitted diseases inducedby the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis. In most cases, there are no noticeablesymptoms, but painful urination in women and conjunctivitis in adults arethe most common signs of this infection.Neisseria gonorrhoeae is a bacterium responsible forthe occurrence of the sexually transmitted disease called gonorrhea, whichusually affects the cervix in the women, although it can develop in the rectum, urethraand mouth as well. Sometimes, it happens that gonorrhea spreads to thefallopian tube and other organs in this part of the body, thus leading to the incidence of apelvic inflammatory disease called salpingitis.Herpes simplex virus is the virus responsible forthe appearance of genital herpes, which occurs in the genital area, but also inthe mouth, particularly on the lips. It is manifested through the appearance of smallblisters on the affected skin.The most serious sexually transmitted disease isAIDS, caused by the virus called human immunodeficiency virus – HIV, which destroys the body’simmune system leading ultimately to death.The humanpapilloma virus – HPV, is the culprit forthe occurrence of genital warts in people. The warts usually appear severalmonths after the infection and thus, it is difficult to determine how one got it.Among the sexually transmitted diseases there issyphilis, which, if untreated, may be even fatal for the infectedperson. The germ called Treponema pallidum is the cause for the incidence ofthis infection.In women, Trichomonas vaginalis leads to the occurrenceof the infection called trichomonas, which causes yellowish or green vaginal dischargeof bad smell.Vaginal thrush or female candidiasis and bacterialvaginosis are also two common sexually transmitted infections that have becomequite common in many women in the recent years.

Other sexually transmitted diseases are molluscumcontagiosum and hepatitis B.

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