Sexually transmitted disease is a general term for all diseases that are caused by the certain pathogens that spread from person to person through sexual contact. These infections mainly appear in sexually active people. Sexually transmitted diseases are also called sexually transmitted infections or venereal diseases. Some of them are not very serious, but there are also a number of them that are very serious and can be even fatal, such as HIV/AIDS.
The most common sexually transmitted diseases are Chlamydia, gonorrhea, genital herpes simplex, syphilis, bacterial vaginosis and trichomoniasis, as well as human papilloma virus and hepatitis B. All these sexually transmitted diseases should be treated immediately when the symptoms are noticed in order to avoid certain serious complications. One of the most serious consequences of untreated sexually transmitted infections is infertility.
Symptoms of sexually transmitted diseases in women
Human immunodeficiency virus, abbreviated HIV, is responsible for the occurrence of one of the most serious sexually transmitted infection and that is acquired immune deficiency syndrome or AIDS. This virus is very potent and it makes the immune system so weak that it is unable to fight against the infections in the body. Therefore, the body becomes susceptible to many diseases, such as cancers. The most common symptoms of this venereal disease in the first phases are sickness, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, fever and pain in the muscles and joints, as well as painful lymph nodes and sore throat. When AIDS progresses, weight loss, unusual infections or cancers, dementia and death may occur.
Neisseria gonorrhea is the bacterium that causes gonorrhea. The most common symptoms of this sexually transmitted disease in women are yellowish vaginal discharge, frequent urination and burning sensation when urinating. Furthermore, a woman with this infection may experience redness and swelling of the genitals.
Chlamydia trachomatis is responsible for the occurrence of Chlamydia. Since the bacterium is mainly found in the cervix and uterus, the most common warning sign of this venereal disease is the uterine cervix infection. Other symptoms of this infection include abdominal pain, vaginal discharge and frequent and painful urination.
Syphilis is highly contagious sexually transmitted dieses. It has three phases. In the first stage, ulcers form. In the second stage, skin rash, sore throat, white patches in the nose, mouth and vagina, fever, hair loss and headaches occur. Finally, in the latent stage, the most common symptoms of this disease are heart problems, development of large nodules, problems with sensation or weakness and deafness.
Lesions, itching, tingling sensation, redness, blisters and ulcers are the most common symptoms of genital herpes caused by herpes simplex virus.