Fibroids are benign tumors that develop in the womb. The terms that are also used for fibroids are uterine myomas, fibromyomas or leiomyomas. Over 30 percent of women have fibroids and some of them don’t even know it. Fibroids are located on the uterine wall and they stay there, without any danger that they will move outward. The number of fibroids can vary, but most commonly that number is from four to seven. Fibroids can be intramural, subserosal, sub mucosal and pedunculated. Fibroids can be very small, but they can also grow up to 20 cm wide. Estrogen is the hormone that increases the chances for fibroid growth. In women who are in their menopause and have low level of estrogen fibroids get smaller. During the pregnancy, fibroids can even become smaller. However, there are some fibroids such as sub mucosal, which can affect the possibility of staying pregnant. Fibroids rarely cause miscarriage, premature birth or bleeding. If you have fibroids during pregnancy, consult your doctor. The cases where fibroids are transforming into cancer are very rare.
We have little knowledge about what the cause of getting fibroids is. Estrogen affects fibroids to enlarge. Statistics says that women in their fourth and fifth decade of life are more vulnerable group for development of fibroids, and that the risk increases if you are overweight, don’t have children or someone in the family had fibroids. Most of the women don’t have any symptoms but some of them can feel some signs which can tell them that something is wrong. The most common symptoms of fibroids are heavy periods, pressure in the bladder and bowel, frequent urination, pain in the pelvis and pain in the lower back. During periods, bleeding can become very heavy and women can lose a lot of blood, or the bleeding may be so heavy that they can be uncomfortable with leaving the house. If this happens, anemia, tiredness or vertigo may occur.
Fibroids can press bladder thus causing a frequent urge to urinate. Sometimes you can have the need to urinate but you can’t actually release the urine, and this can happen if fibroids stop the flow of urine. The pain in the pelvic area is very rare but when it happens, it can be decreased in two to four weeks. Fibroids can sometimes put pressure on the rectum, thus making women to feel the urge to defecate. This can cause hemorrhoids.