Uterine fibroids are benign formations formed within uterine wall. They occur in reproductive period of woman's life and are also known as fibromyomas or leiomyomas. Luckily these tumefacts do not ever alter into malignant forms. Majority of fibroids present with no symptoms at all and they are found by routine ultrasonography of the womb. Fibroids are not problematic and require no treatment at all. Still the treatment is conduct to reduce their size or remove those which are possible to lead to certain complications.
Symptoms of uterine fibroid include: profuse menstrual bleeding, longer menstrual periods, pain in pelvis or discomfort during intercourse, constipation and increased need for urination. First two symptoms mainly occur in presence of submucosal fibroids. Submucosal fibroids are also responsible for problems in women who wants to get pregnant. Another group of fibroids that are localized under serosa and are called subserosal fibroids (they protrude from the outside of the uterus) mostly leads to problems with urination as they tend to increase pressure onto the bladder.
Increased loss of blood which is common in the presence of fibroids may lead to anemia. They can grow up to certain size and be attached to the womb only by a tiny stalk. If this stalk becomes twisted a woman feels unexpected and there is intensive pain in pelvis and lower abdomen. This condition is rather dangerous and prompt surgical treatment is required.
Furthermore, a woman suffering from fibroids is likely to have difficulties regarding pregnancy. The conception is possible except in cases where fallopian tubes are blocked by nearby fibroids. This prevents sperm from reaching eggs and the conception is in this case impossible. Implantation of fertilized egg can be impeded by submucosal fibroids. They also affect the normal growth of an embryo. If a woman eventually gets pregnant she is at increased risk of miscarriage as while the fetus grows the fibroid may enlarge as well reducing the space of the fetus. Not only can miscarriage occurs but there are even cases of premature birth and inappropriate position of a fetus. One more complication includes placental separation.
If womb is filled with more than one fibroid its normal appearance and structure is deformed. This severe condition requires surgical intervention. Women with multiple fibroids suffer from even more problems regarding conception.
All those women who have fibroids are advised to remove them and increase the chance of getting pregnant. This way even the possible further complication are reduced. This especially applies in women with the history of miscarriages and those who suffer from multiple fibroids.