Throat infection is also referred to as strep throat, sore throat and pharyngitis. It is an infection of inflammation of the throat, pharynx or tonsils. This infection is among the most common infections that can affect the human body. The throat infection may occur anytime, although it is more frequent in winter season. Even though it may affect everyone, the children and the elderly people are more prone to get the throat infection. One should know that strep throat is contagious. The flu and common cold usually go together with sore throat. Throat infection can be viral and caused due to some viruses, or bacterial, caused when the bacteria affects the throat, pharynx or tonsils. In the majority of cases, the viruses that cause throat infection are the flu virus and the mononucleosis virus, while the bacteria that are responsible for the throat infection are called streptococcus bacteria.
Symptoms of throat infection
The throat infections can be manifested through many symptoms that can vary in intensity. The most common symptoms of the sore throat are a feeling of discomfort in the throat and difficulty or pain when swallowing. Furthermore, the children and adults who suffer from throat infection may also experience cough and sneezing. When the babies get infected due to a contact with an infected person, several symptoms may appear, such as swollen throat, swollen lymph nodes and low grade temperature, as well as difficulty in swallowing. Furthermore, the babies with throat infection may cry frequently and be irritated.
When the throat infection is caused by a virus, the most common symptoms are dryness of throat, deeper voice and congestion. Pain in the sinuses is also the sign of viral throat infection. The most common symptoms of bacterial throat infection are inflamed throat, headache and a slight fever. Tiredness and fatigue may also appear when bacterial throat infection is in question.
Treatment of throat infection
Throat infection is not a serious health condition and it usually disappears on its own after a couple of days. Nevertheless, the doctor may also prescribe certain medications in order to relieve the symptoms of the infection. If the throat infection is caused by some bacteria, then antibiotics are prescribed since they are effective in destroying the bacteria in the body. On the other side, antibiotics are completely ineffective if viral throat infection occurs. Thus, this kind of throat infection usually goes away on its own.