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Introduction

A sore throat is medically referred to as pharyngitis and isusually characterized by painful swallowing and dry scratchiness. The conditionis commonly caused by different viral infections like influenza or the commoncold. A sore throat is usually the first sign of sickness and of the mostcommon reason to go see a doctor although in most cases the condition does notrequire medical attention to be treated properly.

Numerous viruses that causesore throat usually go away on their own and can be fought by common hometreatments and over-the-counter medications that do not require a doctor’sprescription. If the condition is caused by a bacterial infection it willrequire medical attention and most likely a treatment with antibioticmedications.

Symptoms

The most common symptoms of a sore throat include painfulswallowing, talking, and breathing and a scratchy, dry, swollen throat as well. Thecondition is usually caused by an infection which has its own symptoms. Thecommon cold may be the cause of a sore throat and it usually includes bodyaches, sneezing, a runny nose, coughing and fever as well.

The underlyingcondition that causes a sore throat gets better on its own within a couple ofdays and it rarely calls for a professional medical treatment. Sometimes theunderlying condition that causes a sore throat may be serious and if that isthe case it is usually tonsillitis or perhaps strep throat. These conditionsare commonly characterized by vomiting, severe throat pain, difficultswallowing, headache, skin rash, swollen tonsils, high fever and white patcheson the throat. Sometimes a person must see a doctor, if certain severe symptomsoccur.

Those include a very high fever, swollen or tender lymph nodes, whitepatches at the back of the throat, skin rashes and a bloody saliva. Othersymptoms that require medical attention include hoarseness, dehydration,decreased urination, excessive drooling, sunken eyes, mono, meningitis and asore throat which gets better but keeps worsening at the same time. Some viraland bacterial infections can lead to certain complications of a sore throatwhich include ear infections, sinus infection, scarlet fever, tonsillitis,kidney inflammations and rheumatic fever which can sometimes even cause heartdamage.

Strep throat is commonly characterized by fever, rash, painfulswallowing, swollen tonsils, swollen lymph glands, headache, vomiting andstomachache. The infectious mononucleosis is characterized by symptoms such as spleeninflammation, anemia, heart inflammation, liver inflammation, nerve damage,swollen tonsils, fatigue, headache, skin rash, fever, weakness, sore throat,night sweats and a loss of appetite.

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