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Different types ofsore throat

There are different types of sore throat which simply affectdifferent anatomical sites. Pharyngitis affects the pharynx which is locatedbehind the mouth and soft palate and air, food and liquids commonly passthrough it to be safely delivered to the stomach. Pharyngitis is a condition inwhich pharynx gets inflamed. Tonsillitis is another condition in which acertain part of the throat gets inflamed. In this case the tonsils which canbe found on the base and the sides of the tongue get inflamed.

Laryngtis is themost common of all four conditions. The larynx gets inflamed and causes thevoice to become hoarse. Larynx is at top of the windpipe and its primaryfunction is to allow the air to pass in and out of the lungs. It also stopsliquids and solids from entering the lungs. Another important function oflarynx is the production of the sound at the vocal cords. Laryngtis in childrenis commonly known as croup. Epiglottitis is the rarest of all four conditionsthat include inflammation of the throat. It affects the epiglottis which is astructure that separates the larynx from the tongue base and it has a distinctsemitubular shape.

Causes of sore throat

Sore throat is usually caused by bacteria or viruses. Theseorganisms often cause various infections, colds and illnesses that affects theupper respiratory tract. The condition can also be caused by cigarette smoke,allergic reactions, injuries, postnasal drip and in rare case it can be anindication of cancer. Sometimes it can be triggered by some types of medicaltreatment such as tonsillectomy, radiation and chemotherapy.

Symptoms of sorethroat

There are numerous symptoms of sore throat but the mostcommon ones includes headache, fever, malaise and nausea. It is not uncommonthat it gets accompanied by a bacterial or viral infection. Painful swallowingis characteristic for pharyngitis exclusively. Other symptoms include inflamedlymph nodes, oropharynx redness, tonsil pus, tender neck glands, painfulswallowing, vesicles in the oral cavity and difficult breathing.

When to seek medicalcare

If the symptoms become more severe one should visit adoctor. Sometimes the condition gets worse and it includes a bacterialinfection, fever, abdominal pain, headache, vomiting and dehydration. If onecannot relieve the pain by using over the counter medication she or he shouldseek immediate medical attention. If swallowing becomes way too painful andcauses drooling, one should go to the hospital immediately.

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