Sore Throat on One Side
A sore throat can be very uncomfortable and can cause considerable pain if the symptoms worsen. A feeling of scratchiness can sometimes cause a cough as well. A sore throat is generally the symptom of another disease or condition such as colds or pharynx. The most common cause is strep throat, a condition whereby symptoms such as moderate to high fever or white areas in the throat are observed.
Tonsillitis is another major cause of a sore throat. Most of the time it is simply the tonsils that are inflamed and painful, but sometimes the infection spreads to the sensitive flesh of the throat. When this happens, it is known as a peritonsillar abscess, which is an ulcer on the inside of the throat that can cause pain and difficulty in swallowing. Children are particularly susceptible to this.
Other causes include bacterial infections, infection of the uvula, mononucleosis, diphtheria, chicken pox, measles or other viral infections. A sore throat can also arise after drinking large amounts of very hot or cold drinks or alcohol or after shouting loudly or shouting for an extended period of time. Using the mouth to breathe through for a long time can also irritate the throat tissues.
Sore throats are often accompanied by other symptoms such as nausea and vomiting, mild to severe headaches, fever and painful tonsils. In some cases, the pain will radiate to the inner ear and the lymph nodes in the neck may swell up too.
In most cases, a sore throat will disappear simultaneously or shortly after the infection that caused it has been cured. Paracetamol and ibuprofen usually help to relieve the pain from the sore throat and other related symptoms. Certain non-prescription medication, especially those containing erothrymycin or penicillin, can help soothe a sore throat if the cause is a bacterial infection.
Sometimes sore throats are caused by allergic reactions to airborne pollutants or to animal hair or pollen. In this case anti-histamine tablets can relieve any symptoms from the reaction. Harsh chemicals found in cigarette smoke or in the fumes of home cleaning products can cause a sore throat because they damage the sensitive tissues inside the throat, so it is advised to avoid these substances when possible.
A persistent sore throat that does not heal after normal treatment should be taken seriously, as it can be an indication of a more severe underlying medical problem. If the sore throat lasts for more than a week with no noticeable cause (such as an obvious cold or fever), it is recommended to consult a doctor for a precise diagnosis.