When a man is healthy, his urine is clear, usually yellow in color and with mild smell. However, kidneys are responsible for the production of urine, and all toxins and chemicals from the body are excreted this way. Urea is the component which gives specific odor to urine, and the smell is more prominent if there is a higher concentration of urea. Concentrated urine is smellier than diluted one.
Causes of Smelly Urine
Changes in the color and smell of urine can be temporary and not so serious condition, but it could also indicate more severe disease or disorder.
Dehydration is one of frequent cause of smelly urine in men, especially if they are living in hot climates. Men that exercise a lot and lose large amount of fluids from the body, without compensating that with sufficient amount of water are also prone to this condition. Their urine tends to be very concentrated and have strong smell, because of the ammonia in it.
Bladder infection or cystitis is more likely to develop in women, but it can happen to men, too. Urethra becomes infected with bacteria, and the infection spreads to the prostate and bladder. These people experience burning while urinating and frequent need to urinate, as well. Urinary tract infections are also recognized as the cause of smelly urine in men. Poor diet, weak immune system, stress or sexual contact with the person infected with Escherichia coli bacteria might lead to infections of urinary tract in men.
Patients suffering from diabetes can also experience smelly urine. Their urine smells sweet, because of the glucose in it.
MSUD or maple syrup urine disease is genetic disorder. The body of these patients can’t metabolize some amino acids, such as valine, leucine and isoleucine, and their kidneys secrete urine that smells like maple syrup.
Eating asparagus or using vitamin B6 supplements is often found to provoke smelly urine in men. Kidney stones or infections and liver failure can also lead to the same symptom.
How to Treat Smelly Urine in Men
When your urine starts to smell differently, first thing you should do is to hydrate your body. Drink plenty of water or some other fluids. Many doctors agree that about 2l of clear water is sufficient to improve the smell of your urine.
Teaspoon of honey and unsalted yogurt, cranberry juice and raw cranberries are suggested as natural urinary antiseptics, which may help you with some urinary infections.
Some people might get medications for smelly urine, such as amoxicillin, cephalosporins, doxycycyline, quinolones, sulfa drugs or trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole.