Accutane is a medicine which is used in the treatment of so-called nodular acne, but only in cases when no other treatment gave any positive results. Since its use is the strictly limited and regulated, it has to be prescribed by a doctor, usually dermatologist, and it gives long-term results after at least 15 weeks of use. However, it is important not to use it along with some other medicines, especially with certain antibiotics, corticosteroids and contraceptive pills, since the combination may lead to the increased blood pressure, or the risk of osteoporosis.
When it comes to the unwanted effects, this medicine certainly can cause them, but even though the doctor has to prescribe Accutane, it is extremely hard and maybe even impossible to predict who will experience them, who won’t, and which of the side effects can be expected in which cases. Also, when it comes to Accutane, it is a relatively new medicine, so the real and precise statistical data as well as frequency of the side effects is yet to be determined. Good thing is that most of the side effects are very rare, because people usually tolerate well Accutane, but if a person uses this medicine and notices that she or he is loosing weight, that hairs are growing on the parts of the body where they are not supposed to grow, or that the lymph nodes are swollen, then these might be the signs that the medicine does not do good for him or her. Also, bleeding gums, nausea, dizziness, pain in back, joints or muscles, headache, insomnia, sweating or flushing are possible, but they are all less serious side effects. The more severe ones are the loss of hair, changes in voice, vision and menstrual cycle, peeling of the feet or hands, and in such cases, the person should consult a healthcare provider.
Certain psychiatric changes have also been reported, and they refer to sadness and hopelessness, restlessness, hallucinations, problems with concentration and even suicidal thoughts. None of them should be ignored and the doctor shodul be consulted as soon as possible. This medicine can affect liver and pancreas, as well as the level of the sugar in blood. Just like with any other medicine, person may experience allergic reaction to this one, too, and the symptoms which indicate this are rash and itching without a known reason, swelling of the lips, mouth or even throat, and problems with breathing. Ignoring these symptoms will not make them disappear, on the contrary, it might even lead to the more serious condition, anaphylactic shock. So, in order to prevent it, the person should seek medical help right after the first symptom.