Schizoid personality disorder is a personality disorder distinguished by a lack of interest in social relationships. People suffering from schizoid personality disorder normally tend to lead a solitary lifestyle. They usually appear emotionally cold and secretive. This disorder shouldn’t be confused with schizophrenia, although they share certain characteristics and schizoid personality disorder have increased prevalence in families with schizophrenia. People suffering from schizoid personality love to be left alone and they have serious problems with friendships and other personal relationships. These people rather spend their lives in their own small worlds of false beliefs. Another interesting fact about these people is that they are hypersensitive in nature so that they choose living lonely and self-centered lives instead of taking a risk to be hurt by the others.
Schizoid personality traits
People with schizoid personality disorder can be recognized by their characteristic life habits and traits. Generally, these people tend to choose activities that don’t require interaction with other people. They are often side-players, followers, and never leaders. People affected with this disorder normally appreciate solitude and independence while being unable to respond properly to normal social situations. People with schizoid personality disorder have little desire for sexual experiences and they seem to be dull and indifferent to others.
Normally, schizoid personality traits appear in childhood and continue into early adulthood. People seem to be detached and incapable of maintaining personal relationships. Often, these people are very anxious in the company of others and they constantly break away from relationships.
Causes of schizoid personality disorder
Scientists are not sure about what exactly causes schizoid personality disorder. However, it is believed that a combination of genetic and environmental factors contributes to the development of this disorder. It is estimated that early years of child development play special rule. For example, children raised without enough love, children of cold or emotionally unresponsive parents, or children raised in the foster homes, have more chances of developing schizoid personality disorder. As already mentioned, having a parent or a close relative with any of the schizophrenic disorders, increases ones chances of developing schizoid personality disorder itself.
Treatment for schizoid personality disorder
The treatment of schizoid personality disorder is quite a challenge for medical professionals as people with this disorder prefer not to come in contact with doctors or other medical specialists. These patients may also have troubles in communication with therapist but in many cases these patients can respond effectively to treatment. Treatment usually involves medications combined with cognitive behavior therapy or group therapy.