Personality disorders make people think and act much differentthan it is considered to be normal or usual. These patients don’t think thereis anything wrong with them and because of that, many don’t look for somemedical treatment. Since they don’t seek for medical help, it is hard toestimate how common this disorder actually is. It is noticed that personalitydisorders such as schizoid personality disorder most likely affect youngeradults. For some reason, there are more men than women suffering from this problemand it may be associated with some genetic predisposition.
What is Schizoid Personality Disorder?
Schizoid (also sometimes known as eccentric) personalitydisorders is not a single problem but more a group of similar conditions. To others,these people are peculiar and odd and most of the time distant or detached. Theyrarely care for social relationships, showing some indifference when it comesto these relations. When choosing the job, these people often seek forsomething they can do on their own, without much interference with others. Theseare people who rarely show some intense emotions and in most cases they areloners.
Although the name may sound similar, schizoid personalitydisorder is different than schizophrenia. Some symptoms may be the same, butthese are two different things. A person suffering from schizoid personalitydisorder usually doesn’t socialize with people and have no close friends. Apartfrom close relatives they don’t desire any companions and even with them, they don’twant to be too close. These people have problems when relating to others. Theiractivities are usually limited to something they can do by themselves and thereseems to be little what will make them experience some pleasure. They may alsobe uninterested in sex and usually show very little emotions. Although theycould look distant, not reacting to praises or critics, their inner life mightbe extremely vivid and complex.
The causes of this disorder are not yet known, but manyspeculate that environmental and genetic factors both have certain role in thedevelopment of the problem. In some cases, doctors think that the lack ofwarmth and emotions in child’s surrounding may be responsible for the schizoidpersonality disorder later in life.
Diagnosis and Treatment Options
Physical examination and detailed medical history are necessaryto determine the proper diagnosis of this condition. Various tests may beincluded to rule out the possibility of some other medical problems and if thedoctor doesn’t find anything physically wrong with the patient he or she mightsuggest visiting psychologist or psychiatrist to evaluate existing problem.
Counseling is the most common treatment for people sufferingfrom schizoid personality disorder. The patient usually improves hisor her communication skills and social interactions, since this is the primary goal ofthe therapy. Medications may be used if the person is also suffering fromdepression associated with the disorder.