What is Paranoid Personality Disorder?
Paranoid personality disorder or PPD belongs to the group ofeccentric personality disorders. PPD usually starts in young adults and men aremore prone to this condition than women. Combination of various factors isblamed for the development of PPD. These patients usually have a close relativesuffering from schizophrenia and as kids they had some intense emotional orphysical trauma.
Symptoms of this disorder include twisted perception of thereality. These patients believe that everyone around them is a threat, so they shouldbe at guard at all times. Everyone else is trying to deceive them and thereforePPD patients don’t believe other people. For these people, it is hard to openand to trust anyone, because they are convinced this information will be usedagainst them. Theytend to be oversensitive, can’t take a critic and can’t forgive anyone.
PPD patient may see some hidden meanings behind everythingand every situation may be the attack on their personality (although completelyapparent to anyone else). Suspicions, jealousy and control are very common inthe relationships of these patients, as well as distance and coldness. They areusually stubborn, argumentative and hostile personalities and relaxing may be areal problem for these people.
What Can Be Done about PPD?
Prevention of paranoid personality disorder is not possible.The person prone to this condition may learn to deal with these feelings and emotionsin more positive way. If there is no advancement in the management of PPD, theperson will suffer from it to the rest of his life. The condition may seriouslyaffect professional and social life of these patients, although some areable to function normally to some extent.
The treatment is often hard for these patients since they don’t want tobe treated. They don’t think there is anything problematic or to be solved, sothey don’t want the counseling. Psychotherapy is the best possible treatment option forPPD, but only if the patient trust his therapist and follow the plan of thetreatment. Because of the nature of this disease it is not often the case andpatients frequently disagree to work with the therapists.
Psychotherapy treatments are generally focused on the copingskills and mechanisms of these patients. Therapists strive to improve theirself-esteem, communication and social interactions. In some cases, medicationsmay be the addition to the counseling. If the PPD patients are suffering fromanxiety, depression or psychotic thoughts, therapists could prescribe somedrugs to resolve their problems.