Type 2 Diabetes - Introduction
Together with type 1 diabetes type 2 diabetes is one of the most common health conditions that affect people. It features with increased blood sugar levels. In type 2 diabetes the main cause of high blood sugar levels is associated with resistance to insulin. There may be enough circulating insulin but it cannot activate specific receptors on the cells and allow glucose to enter them. In majority of patients type 2 diabetes eventually turns into type 1 diabetes, insulin dependent form of the disease.
Reversing Type 2 Diabetes
A person suffering from type 2 diabetes must make certain lifestyle and dietary changes. This way the progress of the disease can be reversed and symptoms and sings successfully brought under control. Diet and Type 2 DiabetesEssential part of both, the treatment and reversal of type 2 diabetes is proper and well balanced diet. The diet must include all the essential nutrients, vitamins and minerals. Furthermore, it is supposed to be rich in fresh fruit and vegetables. Bitter vegetables and fruits rich in vitamin C are particularly good for type 2 diabetes. Processed food as well as simple carbohydrate foods are forbidden. A person suffering from type 2 diabetes is supposed to reduce intake of fat. Instead of consuming fried food one may consume meals prepared by baking, roasting, steaming and grilling. Since red meats contain more fatty acids one should abstain from mutton, pork and beef and eat more chicken. Fish and seafood are allowed. Type 2 diabetic patients must have 5-6 smaller meals. And finally, obese patients must lose excess of accumulated fat. Exercise and Type 2 DiabetesWalking is the most convenient and definitely the best exercise for type 2 diabetes. Initially, one should engage in this activity at least three times a week and the walk should last minimum 30 minutes. It is also recommendable for a patient to take a stroll after lunch. Once the body has adapted to increased activity one should take longer walks (one-hour walks) every 5 days a week. Excess fat can be eliminated with aerobic exercises. Medications and Type 2 DiabetesMajority of patients suffering from type 2 diabetes are prescribed certain medications. They are supposed to be taken on regular bases and the doctor decides which medication and dose are most convenient for each patient.
Whether the previously mentioned changes provide with desirable results and maintain optimal blood sugar levels can be easily tested with a device called blood glucose meter. Persistently elevated blood sugar levels may require increased dose of medication or can simply point to the fact that patients do not stick to the recommended regimes.