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Restless legs syndrome symptoms, causes and treatment

Restless leg syndrome refers to the condition marked by the extreme discomforts within the legs when one is sitting or when lying. This condition usually urges the person to get up and move when the discomforts in the legs temporarily disappears. Restless leg syndrome is observed more frequently in women than in men, and it is likely to appear in the adults with a tendency to become worse as the person is getting older. This condition influences normal sleep so the person in question experiences daytime drowsiness due to frequently disrupted sleep.

Symptoms of restless leg syndrome

When one suffers from restless leg syndrome, he/she usually experiences a strange sensation in the legs, but the unpleasant sensation in the arms might also be experienced. This unpleasant sensation is experienced by someone as tingling or as crawling and creeping sensation. Furthermore, some may feel a burning sensation in their legs. This sensation may also be itchy or painful, as well as uncomfortable and tense. However, regardless of the way in which the sensation is described, many people suffering from this condition cannot describe it as it actually is.

What is common for all the cases when restless leg syndrome appears is that it occurs during prolonged sitting or lying and disappears when the person gets up and move. The symptoms of this condition have a tendency to aggravate in the evening. Myoclonus or periodic limb movements in sleep is a condition closely related to the restless leg syndrome. This condition is marked by involuntary twitching or kicking movements of the legs during the night sleep.

Causes of restless leg syndrome

Even though the exact culprit for this disorder is not detected yet, many professionals think that it occurs due to the dopamine imbalance. It is a brain chemical that has the role to send the messages from the brain to regulate the movements of the muscles. Restless leg syndrome is considered to be an inheritable condition. Furthermore, it tends to aggravate in the pregnancy. The medical conditions to which restless leg syndrome is closely related are peripheral neuropathy, iron deficiency and kidney failure.

Treatment for restless leg syndrome

The treatment for restless leg syndrome includes curing the responsible cause for it and taking certain medications to relieve the symptoms of this condition. The most common medicines used for this condition are the drugs prescribed for Parkinson’s disease, sleep drugs and opioids, as well as medicines for epilepsy and muscle relaxants.

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