Upper back pain
The skeletal structure of the upper back is calledthoracic cage. This thoracic cage is made of twelve vertebrae and their ribs, which are linked to the breastbone. Many organs in the body are located in thethoracic cage, which protects them. The upper back is generally a very stable region. The neck and thelower back tend to move more than upper back and they also tend to be more flexible. However, upper back can be affected by certainconditions and disorders that lead to the occurrence of pain in this area.
Causes of upper back painIn the majority of cases, upper back pain occurs asa result of a strain or sprain of the muscles in this area. When the muscle is stretchedexcessively, thus causing the tear in the muscle tissues, it is called a musclestrain. On the other side, a sprain is a result of the injury that the ligaments in the upper back suffer.Apart from muscle strain and sprain, herniated orruptured disc also causes pain in the upper back. A disc of cartilage is placedbetween each vertebra in order to protect the vertebrae during movement andalso to provide stability of the spine. When these discs are torn or worn overtime, they become hard. When a disc begins to bulge out of its normal place, itis called herniated disc. This herniated disc can damage the tissues and nervesin the surrounding area causing pain.Arthritis and osteoporosis are also causes for the occurrenceof pain in the upper back. In those who suffer from arthritis, the joints are inflamed, while on the other side, osteoporosis is the condition featured by aloss of bone density and by the degeneration of the tissues of the bones. While type I osteoporosis affects postmenopausal women, type II osteoporosis affects elderly men and women.It is also considered that spinal stenosis causespain in the upper back. The nervesand tissue in the spinal column are pinched in those people who suffer from this condition.Upper back pain is also caused by fibromyalgia, whichis characterized by the aches and stiffness in muscles throughout the body. Whenfibromyalgia causes inflammation of the connective tissues in the upper back, severepain occurs in this region.Back spasms or some sudden abnormal contractions in theupper back might also induce pain in the upper back.