In the following text we will focus on the issue of esophageal cancer andespecially on the survival rates connected with this grievous condition.Although this problem is not as common in America as in Asian and Africannations, it still affects thousands of people in America every year. Some saythat chances of contracting this condition are 1:200, but due to the advanceof medicine, the number of esophageal casualties has decreased.
The condition of esophageal is created due to the cancerous cells development.This development happens in the tube stretching from the stomach to the throat.The name of this tube is esophagus. The most common causes for theesophageal are excessive drinking, tobacco abuse and smoking, but there aremany others. Problems experienced during this condition include indigestion,heartburn, coughing and weight loss. In order to diagnose the problem, doctorhas to perform several tests and some of them include chest x-ray, endoscopy, andbiopsy. Radiation and chemotherapy are some of the treatments used forelimination of this problem. This is a serious condition that can induce deathso treat it with extra caution and care.
Unfortunately, the numbers of survivals are very low. The problem ofesophageal cancer is a problem that grows and becomes more dangerous and severe. Thisis because of the spreading of the dangerous cells. The survival rates decreaseover time, since the problem grows with each minute and every next stagebecomes more and more life-threatening. The esophageal cancer has four stages.The last, fourth stage has almost zero chances of survival, but we will giveyou a list of survival rates for every stage in the following text.
The numbers for the survival rate during the first five years are asfollowing: the rate is approximately 70% during the zero stage when the cellsare confined in the layers of epithelium, but when cells attack submucosa, duringthe first stage, chances are 60%. The chances of survival are 40% during thefirst part of the second stage when the cells invade muscle ofthe esophagus. When they go further from the esophagus, during the secondpart of the second stage, chances are 20%. The chances are in the region of 15%. During this stage, the cells spread to the surrounding organs. In the firstpart of the fourth stage, when cells invade lymph nodes, chances are 15% andwhen the cells attack distant organs and lymph nodes, during second part of thefourth stage, the chances of survival drop below 5%. If the problem is detectedin the early stages, the survival rate is around 60%, but this number drops ifthe diagnosis is delayed.
When we talk about the group most affected by this problem, is seem to be affectingmales and older people the most, especially people between 55 to 80 years of age.When we take all statistics and numbers in consideration, we come up with combined17% chances of survival.