Liposuction, also known as lipoplasty, or fat modelling, is commonly mistaken for a cosmetic surgery operation. However, liposuction is not a surgery, but simple modelling operation that removes fat from many different sites on the human body. Before considering a liposuction, one should be acquainted with all of the benefits and side effects in order to form a set of realistic expectations. Moreover, not everybody is eligible to have the liposuction operation. This article will try to explain what liposuction is and what the possible side effects are.
Liposuction is a relatively new procedure, invented in 1974. Since then, the procedure has constantly evolved, providing more and more efficient solutions. Today, the removal of fat cells is made easier, with less blood, less discomfort and, most importantly, less risk to the patient. Liposuction is usually performed under general or local anesthesia and commonly on the abdomen, thighs and buttocks, neck, and backs of the arms. Removal of large fat volumes, such as more than 5 liters, is considered risky, and it is not recommended. Only in 2006, about 403,684 patients in United States have had a liposuction treatment.
There are many different techniques for liposuction. In general, all of them involve removing the fat by a hollow tube and a suction device. In most of the cases, doctors will inject a different amount of fluid into the subcutaneous fat to remove it more easily. Laser assisted liposuction uses thermal and photomechanical energy to affect the lipolysis. Patient will need to fast from midnight the night before and avoid smoking for about two months prior to surgery. The patient will feel only a scraping or rasping sensation from the movement of the tube. In most of the cases, patient will be able to get up and walk around or possibly go home even on the same day.
Liposuction is not for everyone. A good candidate must be over 18 years old and in a good general health. A candidate must have tried a diet and exercise regime and found that the last 10 or 15 pounds persist in some parts on the body. People suffering from diabetes, heart problems, circulatory problems or any kind of infection, are not eligible.
Side effects of liposuction
Liposuction is associated with numerous side effects and complications. Side effects are minor and uncomfortable symptoms following the liposuction procedure. Most commonly, patients will experience pain, bruising, swelling, scaring and numbness of the area, as well as the limited mobility. Numerous complications are more severe and may include allergic reactions to medications and material used in the procedure, infections, damage to the skin, skin necrosis or even puncture of the internal organ.