Dietary minerals which are also sometimes referred to asmineral nutrients are certain chemical elements which all living organismsrequire in order to survive, excluding oxygen, nitrogen, hydrogen and carbon. Thereare certain types of bacteria which help in the breakdown of minerals so thatthey can be absorbed much more easily. There are a large number of people inthe United States which do not rely on their everyday diets when it comes toingest recommended amounts of nutrients so they rely on taking various vitaminsand minerals in the form of supplements. These supplements are completely safeas there are no serious cases of poisoning or death reported due to theutilization of those.
Essential Chemical Elements
According to numerous different scientific sources, thereare sixteen chemical elements required for all the biochemical processes in thehuman body. Most dietary elements are characterized by a fairly low atomicweight. As already mentioned the four organic basic elements include carbon,hydrogen, nitrogen and oxygen. There are also seven quantity elements and thoseare sodium, magnesium, phosphorus, sulfur, chlorine, potassium and calcium.There are also nine essential trace elements and those include manganese, iron,cobalt, nickel, copper, zinc, selenium, molybdenum and iodine. There are alsothree more chemical elements which are considered as pervasive, but there areno identified biological functions of these elements in humans. Those threeelements are boron, fluorine and silicon. The daily requirements of sodium are1500 milligrams. It is a systemic electrolyte and it can be found in spinach,milk, sea vegetables and table salt. Sodium insufficiency leads to thedevelopment of hyponatremia, while excessive amounts of sodium may lead to thedevelopment of a medical condition called hypernatremia. The daily requirementsof magnesium are 420 milligrams. Magnesium is excellent for the overall healthof the bones and the best natural sources of it include cocoa mass, soy beansand nuts. Mangesium deficiency leads to the development of hypomagnesemia,while excess amounts may lead to the development of hypermagnesemia. The dailyrequirements of phosphorus are 700 milligrams. It is very important for theprocessing of energy. Phosphorus deficiency leads to the development of hypophosphatemia,while excessive amounts may lead to the medical condition known ashyperphosphatemia. Sulfur is definitely required by large quantities and it canbe obtained in any type of diet which contains plenty of proteins. The dailyrequirements of potassium are 4700 milligrams. It is one of the systemic electrolytesand it can be obtained from bananas, tomatoes, potato skin and legumes.Potassium deficiency leads to the development of hypokalemia, while excessiveamounts of it may be associated with hyperkalemia. The daily requirements ofchlorine are 2300 milligrams. It is of utmost importance for the production ofhydrochloric acid. The main source of chlorine is table salt. Insufficientamounts of chlorine may lead to the development of hypochloremia, whileexcessive amounts may be associated with the medical condition known ashyperchloremia. Daily requirements of calcium are 1300 milligrams. It is ofutmost importance for the overall health of blood, bones, digestive system,heart and muscles. The best sources of calcium include seeds, nuts, green leafyvegetables, sardines, salmon and dairy products. Insufficient amounts ofcalcium lead to hypocalcemia, while excessive amounts may lead to thedevelopment of hyperkalcemia. Daily requirements for manganese are 2.3milligrams. It is important for various enzyme functions. Daily requirementsfor iron are 18 milligrams. The best sources of iron include enriched grains,whole grains, beans, dried fruits, eggs, salmon, tuna, leafy green vegetablesand red meat. Iron deficiency may lead to anemia while excessive amounts ofiron may lead to the development of iron overload disorder. Cobalt is veryimportant for the synthesis of vitamin B12. Daily requirements for copper are900 micrograms. It is of utmost importance for various enzyme functions. Dailyrequirements for zinc are 11 milligrams. Daily requirements for selenium are 55micrograms. Excessive amounts of selenium may lead to the development of amedical condition called Selenosis. The daily requirements for molybdenum are45 micrograms, while the daily requirements for iodine are 150 micrograms.
It is a widely known fact that all dietary supplementsshould be ingested by consuming a wide variety of different food items. Someelements may be naturally present while certain others need to be added to thefood. One can also try using various different types of dietary supplements inorder to obtain the proper and recommended amounts of precious nutrients.Proper and well balanced diet which contains the right amounts of preciousnutrients is very important for the overall health of each and every humanbeing.
All living organisms are connected to the minerals on theplanet and the magnitude of mineral biogeoengineering has grown significantlyin the recent years. Minerals are inorganic in nature but they get recycled by bacteriaand get freely suspended in the waters of the world.