Hip Replacement Surgery
Hip replacement surgery is performed in people whose hip joint has been destroyed and is afunctional. The damage is most commonly caused either by chronic arthritis or injury.
This operation is also known as hip artroplasty. It includes removal of the damaged joint and its replacement with artificial one. This artificial joint is actually prosthesis and it comprises a socket and a ball component. The prosthesis is made of specific material which cannot be rejected by the body. It is also resistant to corrosion and degradation.
The surgery is performed by well experienced orthopedic surgeons.
Recovery Time after Hip Replacement
The surgical procedure lasts approximately four hours. After the surgery patients are transferred into a recovery room where they spend certain time and if there are no further complications they are finally transferred to a hospital room.
In the hospital room patients are administered fluids and medications intravenously. They are also given antibiotics to prevent possible infection. The excessive fluid from the wound is drained by specific tubes which are removed several days after the surgery. The dressing remains on the wound for about two days and then it is replaced regularly. Suitable control of the pain can be achieved by specific painkillers. The best way to reduce pain is to apply a patient-controlled-analgesia where patients administer medication on their own if they feel that the pain has intensified. In order to prevent blood clots, both legs are wrapped in elastic hose and compression stockings. Active movements of legs or medications will additionally help in prevention of hypercoagulation. Urinary catheters are inserted prior the surgery and are left for few days after the surgery. During that time they are regularly changed.
Physical therapy most commonly starts right after the surgery. Light exercises such as sitting in a chair can be performed a day or two after the surgery. After that physical therapist introduces different exercises gradually to increase the strength of the muscles and restore all the movements in the hip. Physical therapy additionally prevents contractures which may result from scarring. Patients are given advice of how to sit, walk and maintain their posture. Even after they are released from the hospital they are given instruction of how to behave at home and what exercises they need to continue doing. It is best if patients incorporate exercises into their daily routines.
And finally, patients must not engage in strenuous sports such as running or contact sports. They may cause re-injury of the operated hip. The most suitable physical activity for people who have undergone hip replacement is swimming. It promotes strength of the muscles and improves mobility of the hip.